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9A14503 Principles of Machine Design

# 9A14503 Principles of Machine Design

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01/22/2014

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Code: 9A14503
B.Tech III Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14
PRINCIPLES OF MACHINE DESIGN
(Mechatronics)
Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70  Answer any FIVE questions  All questions carry equal marks
***** 1 (a) Define the factor of safety and explain the reason for using it in machine design. (b) At a critical section in a shaft, the following stresses are induced bending stress = 60 MPa and torsional shear stress = 40 MPa. Determine the factor of safety according to: (i) Maximum normal stress theory. (ii) Maximum shear stress theory. (iii) Maximum principle strain theory. The proportional limits are a simple tension test is forced to be 300 MPa. Take Poisson’s ratio as 0.3. 2 (a) Discuss various methods of reducing stress concentrations. (b) A machine component is subjected to fluctuating stress that varies from 40 to 100 N/mm
2
. The corrected endurance limit stress for machine component 270 N/mm
2
. The ultimate tensile strength and yield strength of the material are 600 and 450 N/mm
2
respectively. Find the factor of safety using: (i) Soderberg line and (ii) Goodman line. 3 (a) What are the assumptions made in the design of welded joints? (b) Two plates of 7 mm thick are connected by a triple riveted lap joint of zig-zag pattern. Calculate the rivet diameters, rivet pitch and distance between rows of rivets for the joint.  Also state the mode of failure of the joint. The safe working stresses are as follows. . 4 (a) Explain the reasons for preferring hollow shafts over solid shafts. (b) A solid circular shaft is subjected to a bending moment of 3000 N-m and a torque of 10,000 N-m. The shaft is made of 45C8 steel having ultimate tensile stress of 700 MPa.  Assuming a factor of safety as 6, determine the diameter of the shaft.
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Code: 9A14503
5 It is required to design a helical compression spring subjected to a maximum force of 1250 N. The deflection of the spring corresponding to the maximum force should be approximately 30 mm. The spring index can be taken as 6. The spring is made of patented and cold draw steel wire. The ultimate tensile strength and modules of rigidity of the spring material are 1090 and 81.370 N/mm
2
respectively. The permissible shear stress for the spring wire should be taken as 50% of the ultimate tensile strength. Design the spring and calculate: (a) Wire diameter. (b) Mean coil diameter. (c) Number of active coils. (d) Total number of coils. (e) Free length of the spring. (f) Pitch of the coil. 6 (a) What are the advantages are disadvantages of the flat belt drives? (b) Find the width of the belt necessary to transmit 10 kW to a pulley 30 mm diameter, if the pulley makes 1600 rpm and the coefficient of frictions between the belt and pulley is 0.22. Assume the angle of contact as 210
0
and the maximum tension in the belt is not to exceed 8 N/mm width. 7 The following particulars of a single reduction spur gear are given: Gear ratio = 10:1, distance between centers = 660 mm approximately, pinion transmits 500 kW at 1800 rpm; involute teeth of standard properties (addendum = m) with pressure angle of 22.5
0
. Permissible normal pressure between teeth = 175 N per mm of width. Find: (a) The nearest standard module if no interference is to occur. (b) The number of teeth on each wheel. (c) The necessary width of the pinion and (d) The load on the bearings of the wheels due to power transmitted. 8 (a) How do you express the life of a bearing? What is an average (or) medium life? (b) Design a journal bearing for a centrifugal pump from the following data: Load on the  journal = 20,000 N, speed of the journal = 900 r.p.m, type of oil is SAE 10, for which the absolute viscosity at 55
0
C is 0.017 kg/m-s, ambient temperature of oil = 15.5
0
C, maximum bearing pressure for the pump = 1.5 N/mm
2
. Calculate also mass of the lubricating oil required for artificial cooling, if rise of temperature of oil be limited to 10
0
C, heat dissipation coefficient = 1232 W/m
2 0
C. *****
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Code: 9A14503
B.Tech III Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14
PRINCIPLES OF MACHINE DESIGN
(Mechatronics)
Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70  Answer any FIVE questions  All questions carry equal marks
***** 1 (a) What are the factors to be considered for the selection of materials for the design of machine elements? Discuss. (b) Define and explain the following theories of failure. (i) Maximum principle stress theory. (ii) Maximum shear stress theory. (iii) Maximum strain theory. 2 (a) Write Soderberg’s equation and state its application to different types of loadings. (b) A bar of circular cross section is subjected to alternating tensile force varying from a minimum of 200 kN to a maximum of 500 kN. It is to be manufactured of a material with an ultimate tensile strength of 900 MPa and an endurance limit of 700 MPa. Determine the diameter of bar using safety factor of 3.5 related ultimate tensile strength and 4 related to endurance limit and a stress concentrations factor of 1.65 for fatigue load. Use Goodman straight line as basis for design. 3 (a) What do you understand by the term welded joint? How it differs from riveted jointed? (b) A double riveted lap joint with zig-zag riveting is to be designed for 13 mm thick plates.  Assume = 80 MPa, =120 MPa and = 60 MPa. State how the joint will fail and find the efficiency of the joint. 4 (a) Define the terms: (i) Equivalent bending moment. (ii) Equivalent twisting moment. (b) A line shaft is driven by means of a motor placed vertically below it. The pulley on the line shaft is 1.5 meter in diameter and belt has tensions 5.4 kN and 1.8 kN on the tight side and slack side of the belt respectively. Both those tensions may be assumed to be vertical. If the pulley be overhang from the shaft, the distance of the center line of the pulley from the center line of the bearing being 400 mm, find the diameter of the shaft.  Assume maximum allowable shear stress of 42 MPa.
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