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9A21506 Mechanisms & Mechanical Design

# 9A21506 Mechanisms & Mechanical Design

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01/22/2014

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Code: 9A21506
B.Tech III Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14
MECHANISMS & MECHANICAL DESIGN
(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70  Answer any FIVE questions  All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) In a crank and slotted lever type quick return motion mechanism, the driving link is 80 mm. while the distance between the fixed centers is 140 mm. Find the ratio of speed of cutting stroke to speed of return stroke. (b) Explain the inversions of four bar chain by using Grashoff’s rule. 2 A mechanism as shown in figure has the following dimensions. OA = 200 mm; AB = 1.5 mm; BC = 600 mm; CD = 500 mm and BE = 400 mm. Locate all the instantaneous centers. If the crank OA rotates uniformly at 120 rpm clockwise, find (i) the velocity of B, C and D (ii) the angular velocity of the links AB, BC and CD. 3 Derive the equations for the estimation of maximum acceleration and maximum velocity if the rotation of the follower follows simple harmonic motion. Draw the profile of tangent cam with concave flank and explain the terminology and functionality of the cam. 4 A cam is to operate an offset roller follower. The least radius of the cam is 50 mm, roller diameter is 30 mm, and offset is 20 mm. the cam is to rotate at 360 rpm. The angle of ascent is 48, angle of dwell is 42, and angle of descent is 60. The motion is to be SHM during ascent and uniform acceleration and deceleration during descent. Draw the cam profile. Also calculate the maximum velocity and acceleration during descent. Contd. in page 2 Page 1 of 2
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A B C D
10 mm 1.35 m 30
0 E

Code: 9A21506
5 Each wheel of a motor cycle is 500 mm diameter and has a moment of inertia of 1.4 kg-m. The total mass of the motor cycle and the rider is 150 kg and the combined center of the mass is 480 mm above the ground level when the motor cycle is upright. The moment of inertia of the rotating parts of the engine is 0.4 kg-m
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. The engine speed is five times the speed of the wheels and is in the same sense. Determine the angle of heel necessary when the motor cycle takes a turn of 20 m radius at a speed of 50 kmph. 6 A mechanism as shown in figures has the following dimensions: O
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A= 60 mm; AB = 180 mm; O
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B = 100 mm; O
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C = 180 mm and CD = 270 mm. The crank O
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C = 180 mm and CD = 270 mm. The crank O
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A rotates clockwise at a uniform speed of 120 r.p.m. The block D moves in vertical guides. Find by instantaneous centre method, the velocity of D and the angular velocity of CD. 7 A hollow shaft, 500 mm outside diameter and 300 mm inside diameter, is supported by two bearings 6 m apart. The shaft is driven by a flexible coupling at one end and drives a ship’s propeller at 100 rev/min. The maximum thrust on the propeller is 500 kN when the shaft is transmitting 6000 kW. The shaft weights 60 kN. Determine the maximum shear stress in the shaft considering the weight of the shaft and the column effect. Assume Kb = 1.5 and Kt =1.0. 8 A pinion A has 15 teeth and is rigidly fixed to a motor shaft. The wheel B has 20 teeth and gears with A and also with the fixed annular wheel D. The pinion C has 15 teeth and is fixed to the wheel B and gears with annular wheel E which is keyed to a machine shaft. B and C can rotate together on a pin carried by an arm, which rotates about the shaft on which A is fixed. If the motor runs at 1000 rpm, find the speed of the machine. ***** Page 2 of 2
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180 mm 180 mm D C B A 60 mm 45

Code: 9A21506
B.Tech III Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14
MECHANISMS & MECHANICAL DESIGN
(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70  Answer any FIVE questions  All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) Explain Peaucellier mechanism with a neat sketch. (b) Show that the pantograph can produce paths exactly similar to the ones traced out by a point on a link on an enlarged or a reduced scale. 2 A watt ‘walking-beam’ mechanism is shown in figure below. Determine the velocity of the slider if the crank O
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A rotates with a speed of 1 rad/sec in a clockwise direction. Given O
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A = 2 cm, AB = 8.5 cm, BC = 7.5 cm, CD = 5.25 cm and O
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C = 7 cm. use relative velocity method. 3 A crank and rocker mechanism ABCD has the following dimensions: AB = 0.75 m, BC = 1.25 m, CD = 1 m, AD = 1.5 m and CF = 500 mm. AD is the fixed link. F lies on BC produced. Crank AB has an angular velocity of 30 rad/s counter clock-wise and a deceleration of 200 rad/s
2
at the instant angle DAB = 300. Find (a) The instantaneous linear acceleration of C and F and (b) The instantaneous angular velocities and accelerations of links BC and CD. 4 An aero plane is flying at 240 kmph turns towards left and completes a quarter circle of 60 m radius. The mass of the rotary engine and the propeller of the plane amounts to 450 kg with a radius of gyration of 320 mm. The engine speed is 2000 rpm clockwise when viewed from the rear determine the gyroscopic couple on the airbus 380 and state its effect. In what way is the effect changed when (i) the airbus turned towards right. (ii) the engine rotates clockwise when viewed from the front (nose end) and the airbus turns (a) left and (b) right. Contd. in page 2 Page 1 of 2

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6 D 5 cm 7 cm A B 4 C 5 90 60 3 O
5
O
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