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Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid Flow

Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid Flow

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Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid Flow
Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid Flow

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 Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid Flow
Phillip Colella
Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of California, Berkeleyand
Elbridge Gerry Puckett
Department of MathematicsUniversity of California, Davis
 
Please feel free to make copies of this draft for your students and colleagues.Your are also welcome to use it as course material. We would appreciate anycomments, suggestions and errata that you may have. These should be sent to thesecond author ategpuckett@ucdavis.eduCopyright 1994 by Phillip Colella and Elbridge Gerry Puckett.All rights reserved.
 
Draft of November 8, 1994 i
 Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid FlowP. Colella and E. G. Pucket
I.Compressible Flow
1. Finite difference methods for linear scalar problems.........................................................................11.1 Consistency, stability, and convergence...............................................................................21.2 The Von Neumann stability analysis....................................................................................51.3 Some simple finite difference schemes................................................................................91.3.1 Upwind Differencing.............................................................................................91.3.2 Downwind Differencing......................................................................................101.3.3 Centered Differencing.........................................................................................111.3.4 The Two-Step Lax-Wendroff Scheme................................................................121.4 Upwind schemes and the geometric interpretation of finite differences............................151.5 Fourier analysis and accuracy............................................................................................201.5.1 Amplitude error...................................................................................................221.5.2 Phase errors .........................................................................................................231.6 The modified equation.......................................................................................................281.7 Discontinuities...................................................................................................................291.7.1 Max-norm boundedness and Godunov’s Theorem.............................................351.8 Weak solutions, conservative finite difference methods and the Lax-Wendroff theorem. 371.9 Limiters..............................................................................................................................401.9.1 Flux-corrected transport......................................................................................411.9.2 Geometric limiters...............................................................................................441.9.3 Design criteria for schemes with limiters............................................................462. Nonlinear scalar problems................................................................................................................512.1 Weak solutions of nonlinear hyperbolic problems.............................................................542.1.1 Nonuniqueness of weak solutions.......................................................................562.1.2 The entropy condition..........................................................................................562.2 Strategies to enforce the entropy condition .......................................................................582.2.1 Artificial viscosity...............................................................................................592.2.2 The first-order Godunov method.........................................................................592.2.3 The second-order Godunov method....................................................................612.2.3.1 Outline of the method ...........................................................................622.2.3.2 Analysis of the method .........................................................................642.2.4 The convexification of the Riemann problem.....................................................662.2.5 The Engquist-Osher flux.....................................................................................683. Systems of conservation laws ..........................................................................................................703.1 The linearized perturbation equations................................................................................703.1.1 Perturbations of the Riemann problem................................................................723.1.2 The first order Godunov method.........................................................................743.1.3 The first-order Godunov method (continued).....................................................763.1.4 The second-order Godunov method....................................................................773.1.4.1 Stability of the method..........................................................................793.1.4.2 Local truncation error............................................................................793.2 The effect of a nonlinear change of variables....................................................................803.2.1 The general case..................................................................................................803.2.2 Gasdynamics........................................................................................................814. Nonlinear systems of conservation laws..........................................................................................844.1 The Riemann problem .......................................................................................................864.2 The entropy condition........................................................................................................864.3 Solution procedure for the approximate Riemann problem...............................................884.3.1 The solution in phase space.................................................................................89

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