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Steam Seal Cond

Steam Seal Cond

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Published by spalaniyandi

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Published by: spalaniyandi on Sep 24, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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GE Power Systems 
Oil & Gas 
   S   T   E   A   M   T   U   R   B   I   N   E   S   S   T   E   A   M    T   U   R   B   I   N   E   S
eliminate lube oil contamination due to condensingwater migration into the oil from the seals and achievelonger operational life before oil change.SELECTION AND OPTIONS
Two options are available to the customer.1)use of a steam driven ejector to obtain the needed vacuum2)use of a vacuum pump driven by an electric motor.In the first case the system must supply the necessarysteam conditions (pressure, temperatures and flow) for theejector.The size of the Gland exchanger (figure 3) is selectedbased on the type of steam turbine because seal steamflow has already been calculated for each model.
Complete preassembled skid (for figure 2a version) consist-ing of:Steam ejectorGland condenser exchangerGland condenser supportsCondensate tank (50 lt) capacityMotive steam inlet Y filterMotive steam regulating valveMotive steam manometer
The Gland Sealing and Leak-Off System is currentlyrequired on all new steam turbines by API 612 (AmericanPetroleum Institute) fourth edition June 1995 to increasethe quality of installations. A complete preassembled kit toupdate steam turbines designed in accordance with theprevious API version and not equiped with this system isdescribed here.
The preassembled kit use a vacuum generated by aVenturi tube fied by medium or low pressure steam usuallyavailable as surplus from other auxiliaries system. It is pos-sible to use a vacuum pump powered by an electric motorto obtain the required vacuum if prefered by customer. Thesteam coming from steam turbine extremity seals is divertedinto an under vacuum heat exchanger sized in accordancewith ASME VIII-1 or to meet special requirements of thefinal installation country on customer request. Condensingsteam is collected in a suitabletank instead of beingexhausted from the machine as polluted steam. The skid iscompleted whit manometers, inlet steam Y filter and a steamregulating valve before the ejector. A pressure switch is alsoprovided for customer control room interconnection fordetection of loss of vacuum.
Steam turbine running without Gland Condenser
Figure 1 shows how steam coming from seals can migrateand condense in the bearing lube oil system causingdegra-dation of lube oil characteristics. Pollution due to the releaseof toxic vapours containing additivesfrom the machine isalso shown.
Steam turbine running with Gland Seal System
Figures 2a and b present two configurations of the GlandSealing System (use of a steam ejector or refrigerated vac-uum pump and eletric motor). The figures show how watermigration to the lube oil system is eliminated and contami-nation of the lube oil by steam leakage is avoided.
The system can be used on all back pressure and con-densing steam turbines including those of other manufac-turers and can be installed near the turbine skid.
The Gland And Vacuum Seal System is able to:
eliminate steam vapours around the machine whichare usually toxic due to additives found in the machine
reduce the humidity around the machine resulting insafer operation of all electric devices installed in thearea

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