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Table Of Contents

Unequal Arm Balance
Platform Balance (Multiple Lever System)
Proving Ring
Torque Measurement
Mechanical Dynamometer (Prony Brake)
Hydraulic Dynamometer
Advantages of hydraulic dynamometers over mechanical brakes
Absolute Pressure
Relationship between Pressure Terms
Atmospheric Pressure
Gage Pressure
Vacuum
Static and Dynamic pressures
Types of Pressure Measuring Devices
Pressure-Measuring Transducer
Use of ElasticMembers in Pressure Measurement
Sensing Elements
Primary Pressure Elements Capsule, Bellows & Spring Opposed Diaphragm
Bourdon Tube
The Bridgman Gage
Low-Pressure measurement
TheMcleod Gage
The Mcleod Gage
Thermal Conductivity Gages
Pirani Thermal Conductivity Gages
Pirani gage arrangement to compensate for ambient temperature Changes
Thermocouple Vacuum gage
Temperature Measurement by Electrical Effects
Thermo resistive Elements
Sl. No Resistance Thermometer Thermistor
Electrical Resistance Thermometers
Instrumentation for Resistance Thermometers
Methods of Compensating Lead Resistance Error
1.See beck Effect:
Thermocouple
Laws of Thermocouples
i) Law of Intermediate Metals:
Circuits illustratingthe Law of Intermediate Metals
i) Law of IntermediateTemperatures:
Thermocouple materials and Construction
A.Base-metal type
A. Rare-metal type
Forms of Thermocouple Construction
Methods of Insulating Thermocouple Leads
Measurement of Thermal emf
Advantages and Disadvantages of Thermocouples
Advantages
Disadvantages
Theory of Radiation Pyrometers
Principles used for Radiation Temperature Measuring Devices
1.Total Radiation Pyrometry:
2.Selective Radiation Pyrometry:
Total Radiation Pyrometers
Optical pyrometers
Mechanical Strain Gauges
Optical Strain Gauges
Advantages:
Electrical Strain Gauges
Electrical Resistance Strain Gauges
Un bonded Resistance-strain Gauge
Bonded Resistance-strain Gauge
a). Wire type
b). Foil type resistance strain gauge
Semiconductor or Piezoresistive strain gauge
Strain GaugeMetals
Bonding Materials and Methods
Treatment Regarding Preparation and Mounting of Strain Gauges
Problems Associated with Strain-gauge Installations
Gauge Factor or StrainSensitivity
Basic Wheatstone Resistance Bridge and Methods of Strain Measurement
Requirements for Accurate Strain Measurement
Temperature Compensation
a).Adjacent-Arm compensating gauge
(b) Self-temperature Compensation
Calibration of Strain Gauges
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Unit7-8-GSP

Unit7-8-GSP

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Published by: عبدالله عمر on Jan 22, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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