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Published inPro sv es hc he ni ye
Nos. 3 and 4, March and April 1913
Signed: V. Ilyin
562 563 564 566 567 568 569 571 573
"Attention was drawn to the increasing discrepancy between the country's requirements for basic legislation and the impossibility of meeting them under the present system of legislative institutions and in view of the present attitude of the authorities towards popular representation."
But take a closer look: the trouble is not so much that the liberals haven owhere to talk as that they havenothing to say. The discrepancy is growing not only between the country's requirements and the hopelessness of the "present system", etc., but also between the country's requirements and the liberals'helpl essn ess.
Why is it impossible for you, liberal politicians, to meet the requirements of the country? The Cadets reply: because the present system of legislative institutions and the present attitude of the authorities towards popular representation hinder it.
But we must first put the main question: What is the reason for the "present" "system and attitude"? Where could anythingdif ferent come from? The Cadets did not even think of it! Their reticence on thisfundamental question amounts to hardened, Asiatic philistinism, like saying that there were bad advisers but there can be good advisers.
Is there no connection, Cadet gentlemen, between the "present" and theint erests of someclass, such as the class of the big landlords? Or the richest section of the bourgeoisie? Is not there completeaccord between the "present" and the interests of
Our liberals in general -- and they are followed by the liberal labour politicians (liquidators) -- like to talk at length about the "Europeanisation" of Russia. A tiny little truth serves here as a cover for a big untruth.
There can be no doubt that Russia, speaking generally, is becoming Europeanised, i.e., reorganised in the image of Europe (moreover, in "Europe" we should now include Japan and China, in spite of geography). But this Europeanisation has been going on since Alexander II, or perhaps even since Peter the Great; it went on not only during the upswing (1905), but also during reaction (1908-11); it has been going on in the police and among the Markov-type landlords, who are "Europeanising" their methods of fighting the democratic movement.
The liberals want a European constitution. But the constitutions established in various countries of Europe were the result of long and strenuous class struggles between feudalism and absolutism, on the one hand, and the bourgeoisie, the peasantry and the workers, on the other. Written and unwritten constitutions, with which the liberals "shame" our reactionaries, are merely a record of theresult s of struggle obtained through
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