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Outline of Research Work

Outline of Research Work

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Published by vinaykumarkolhe
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Published by: vinaykumarkolhe on Sep 24, 2009
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OUTLINE OF RESEARCH WORK 
OF
 POST GRADUATE RESEARCH 
EFFICACY OF CERTAIN AGROCHEMICALSAPPLICATION AT FIELD RATES ONPHYSICOCHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICALPROPERTIES OF RHIZOSPHERIC SOIL IN MAIZE
 Submitted by
KOLHE VINAYKUMAR SHIRISHReg.No. 99M 2008A
 Research Guide
Mrs.
 
M. G. PATILJr. MicrobiologistAICRP on Weed ControlM.A.U, Parbhani.
 Submitted to
HEADDEPARTMENT OF PLANT PATHOLOGYP.G. PROGRAMMEM.A.U, PARBHANI 431 402 (M.S.)
 
OUTLINE OF RESEARCH WORK 
1. Name of the Student:
KOLHE VINAYKUMAR SHIRISH
2. Registration No.:99M 2008A3. Degree:M.Sc. (Agri.)4. Year of admission: 20085. Discipline: Plant Pathology6. Major Field:Plant Pathology7. Minor Field: Agricultural Statistics, PlantBiotechnology, Entomology,Agril. Extention, Plant Physiology.8. Title of Thesis :
“EFFICACY OF CERTAINAGROCHEMICALS APPLICATION ATFIELD RATES ON PHYSICOCHEMICALAND BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OFRHIZOSPHERIC SOIL IN MAIZE”
9. Objectives:1.To study effect of Agrochemicals on microbialcount in rhizospheric soil of maize.2.To study effect of Agrochemicals on pH,Electrical Conductivity, Organic Carbon of rhizospheric soil of maize.3.To study effect of Agrochemicals on MicrobialBiomass Carbon and Basal Soil respiration inrhizospheric soil.4.To study effect of Agrochemicals on nitrogenmineralization following the aerobic process.5.To study effect of Agrochemicals on diseaseincidence, disease intensity, disease index, grainweight and yield of maize.2
 
10. Introduction:
Maize (
 Zea mays
L
)
is one of the most important cereals of the worldand
 provides
more human food than any other cereal. Maize is of Americanorigin having
 been
domesticated about 7000 years ago. Maize providesnutrients for humans
and
animals and serves as a basic raw material for the production of starch, oil and protein,
alcoholic
 beverages, food sweeteners and,more recently, fuel.The
area
under the maize is continuously increasing over the years. If we examine production
figures,
global maize production reached its high of 712million tons during
2004-05.
It is inferred that USA has the lion’s share in total global
maize
 productionaccounting for 30% of the production. Other major maize producers are China
(15%),
EU – 25 (14%), Brazil (4%) and India
(3%).
India is the fifth largest producer of maize in the world contributing 3% of the global
 production.
India’s maize production has increased from less than 3 million tones to15
million
tones today.
Area
 brought under maize in India was 35.22 lakhhectares up from 27.36 lakh hectares
 planted
during the corresponding periodlast year.Microbial activity is the general term use d to indicate thevast range of activities carried out by soil microorganisms Landi
et al.
, (2000).It is markedly influenced by changes in environmental factors and soilconditions Bloem
et al.
, (2006). Biological parameters may rapidly reflecteven small changes that occur in soil, providing accurate data about soilquality Smith and Papendick, (1993). Pascual
et al 
., (2000). Soilmicroorganisms, particularly soil fungi, represent a biogeosphere componentdetermining the level of their real toxic effect, since they take part in their detoxification and mineralization, using them as carbon and energysources Dukiã and Mand(1998), Nunez
e t a l 
., (2001). fungicides applied perform inhibition of soil fungi development during the first two monthsfollowing their application Mandiã
et al.
(2005)
 
Recently, Zhao
et a
(2008)stated that theapplication of elemental sulfur (thirty mg/kg2 ¹) increased the3

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