Conforms with the 2004 ASME Extract • Revised 03/06
SME Code Calculations: Stayed Surfaces, Safety Valves, Furnaces
This chapter uses ASME Sections I, IV, and VIII-1. Each of these sectionscontains rules for braced and stayed surfaces, safety valves, and furnaces orcylinders under external loads.The objective of this chapter is not to produce a design engineer but a PowerEngineer with knowledge of the basic rationale of the Codes.
Stress on a vessel with internal pressure.
In cylindrical vessel shells the stress set up by internal pressure longitudinally isequal to twice the stress set up circumferentially.
vessel diameter internal pressureLongitudinal Stress =vessel wall thickness 2
vessel end area x internal pressureCircumferential Stress =vessel circumference x wall thickness
Example 1: Longitudinal and circumferential stress
Determine the stress longitudinally and circumferentially on the shell of a vessel4.5 m diameter, 35 mm thick and an internal pressure of 1350 kPa.
vessel diameter internal pressureLongitudinal Stress =vessel wall thickness 245001.350 235= 86.79 MPavessel end areainternal pressureCircumferential Stress =vessel circumference
wall thickness45001.354=45003545001.35=435= 43.39 MPa
× ×× ×××
: The longitudinal pressure exerts a stress on the metal circumferentially,and the radial pressure exerts a stress on the metal longitudinally.The strength of a vessel shell depends, therefore, on the
and is independent of the
.The candidate should consult the latest 2004 ASME Academic Codes Extract:Section I; Section II, Part D; Section IV; and Section VIII, Division 1, whilestudying this chapter.