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Air Brakes

Air Brakes

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Published by Ricky Zee
Air brake manual
Air brake manual

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Published by: Ricky Zee on Jan 24, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/01/2014

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Air Brake Manual
Ce document existe aussi en fran
ç
ais.
PUBLIC SAFETY
 
1
ForewardFoldout iAir Brake EndorsementFoldout iiRequirements for Air Brake EndorsementFoldout iiDual Air Brake SystemIllustrationFoldout iiiSafety Tips02Making Appointments for Tests03Section One - Brakes and Braking05
Heat-Energy-Traction-Friction06Speed-Weight-Distance07Braking Force07Stopping Distance08Section Summary Questions09
Section Two - The Components of an Air Brake System11
 The Components of an Air Brake System12Compressor and Governor12Reservoirs14Air Dryer15Safety Valve16Foot Valve16Brake Chambers, Slack Adjusters and Brake Lining16Wedge Brakes20Disc Brakes21Air-Over-Hydraulic Brake Systems21Section Summary Questions24
Section Three - How the Basic SystemWorks25
Basic Air Brake System26One-way Check Valve26Air Pressure Gauge27Brake Application Gauge27Low Pressure Warning Device27Stop Light Switch27Quick Release Valve28Relay Valve28Manual Front Brake Limiting Valve28Automatic Front Brake Limiting Valve29 Tandem Rear Axles30Section Summary Questions30
Section Four - Spring Parking Brakes31
Spring Parking Brake Systems32Using a Spring Parking Brake33Mechanical Release (Caging)35Section Summary Questions35
Section Five - Trailer System37
Glad Hands38Application Line38 Trailer Brake Hand Valve39 Two-way Check Valves40 Tractor Protection System41 Tractor Protection Valve42 Trailer Supply Valve43Automatic Trailer Supply Valve System44 Tractor and Trailer Coupled46Charging the Trailer System47Foot or Hand Valve Brake Application47Emergency Application48Supply (Emergency) Line Rupture49Control (Service) Line Rupture49Loss of Reservoir Air Pressure50Manual Trailer Supply Valve51 Trailer Spring Parking Brakes52Section Summary Questions52
Section Six - Dual Air Brake System53
Dual Air Brake System with Spring Parking Brakes56Spring Parking Brakes with Modulator Valve57Combination Tractor and Trailer with Spring ParkingBrakes58Section Summary Questions59
Section Seven - Electronic Controlled Brakingand Traction Systems61
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)62Automatic Traction Control (ATC)64Section Summary Questions64
Section Eight - Brake Adjustment and In-Service Check65
Brake Adjustment66S-cam Brake66Stroke vs. Force67S-cam Brake Adjustment with Manual Slack Adjuster68S-cam Brake with Automatic Slack Adjuster68Disc Brake Adjustment68Wedge Brake Adjustment68After a Brake Adjustment69In-service Checks69Maintenance and Servicing of the Air Brake System70Section Summary Questions70
Section Nine - Pre-trip Air Brake Inspection71
Single Unit (Not for air over hydraulic brake systems)72Combination Unit73Air Over Hydraulic (Air Actuated) Brake System75Section Summary Questions76
Metric Conversion Table77
Table of Contents
 
2
Safety Tips
1. Reminder - is your commercial trailer equippedwith the mandatory retro-reflective markings? In January 2002, under the motor vehicle inspectionprogram, all trailers must now be equipped withretro-reflective markings. Be seen - be safe.2. Seatbelts Save Lives - Please Buckle Up - The Lifeyou Save May Be Your Own The proper use of occupant restraints has becomethe most cost-effective method to reduce death andinjuries resulting from motor vehicle collisions.3. Animals on the Highways - Slow Down - PleaseBe Alert.- Drivers should use caution especially at dawn anddusk when the animals are on the move.- Animals are unpredictable so reduce your speed.- Stay alert and scan both sides of the road, not justthe pavement in front of your vehicle.4. Cellular Phones - Cellular telephones are animportant safety aid for drivers. Many people usetheir cellular telephone to report accidents andcrimes and for their personal safety when theirvehicle breaks down or they are lost.- Use a hands-free device to make it easier to keepboth hands on the wheel.- When dialling manually, dial only when stopped, orhave a passenger dial for you.- Avoid unnecessary calls and keep conversationsto a minimum.- Be familiar with the various functions of yourcellular phone and program frequently diallednumbers.- Do not use your cellular phone when drivingconditions are hazardous.- Remember it is an offence under the
Motor Vehicle Act 
 to drive without due care and attention.5. SEE AND BE SEEN! - Turn on your headlights.6. DRIVER DISTRACTIONS - Many everyday habitsof drivers are dangerous and can lead to crashes.Distractions such as eating fast food, drinkingcoffee, changing the radio station, switching CDs ortapes, talking on a cellular phone or trying to keepan eye on a young child in the vehicle increases therisk of being involved in a collision. All driversshould drive defensively and be prepared for theunsafe actions of other motorists or for poor drivingconditions.
Expect the unexpected.
7. Operation Lifesaver reminds all drivers to stayalert at all times and especially when crossing arailway track.- Be careful - low slung trailer units can get stuck onraised crossings.- Know the length of your truck and trailer. Whenyou see a signal or stop sign be certain you haveenough room to completely clear the railway tracksbefore crossing. Take Care of Yourself! The most important part of a moving truck or bus isthe driver! Get plenty of rest before getting behindthe wheel. Eat well and stay fit. Remember, hours of service violations are serious and can threaten yourlivelihood or even your life. Stay healthy and wellrested, or don’t drive.Always Maintain Your VehicleInspect your vehicle before each trip and checkyour brakes regularly. Learn how to inspect yourbrakes, identify safety defects, and get themrepaired before risking your life and others on thehighway.Slow Down in Work ZonesWatch out for highway construction. Stay alert.Work zone crashes are more likely to happen duringthe day. Almost one-third of fatal crashes in workzones involved large trucks. Take your time goingthrough work zones and give yourself plenty of room. Expect the unexpected.Always Keep Your DistanceAlways leave enough space between you and thevehicle in front of you. If you hit someone frombehind, you are typically considered “at fault”,regardless of the situation. Large trucks requiremore stopping distances than other vehicles. Takeadvantage of your driving height, and anticipatebraking situations.Always Drive DefensivelyAvoid aggressive drivers! It is estimated that eachyear, two-thirds of all traffic fatalities are caused by

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