Dinosaurs were a special group of animals that lived during the MesozoicEra, which lasted for almost 180 million years.
we know they existed? Scientists have found their remains: bones,eggs, tracks, coprolite (fossifized feces), nest, 'skin impressions, and gastroliths(stomach stones). '
a bone from
known animal. Don't tell them what the bone
from.Imagine,that you are
paleontologist and you come across the bone. From onlythis information can you tell me what this animal was, where it lived, what it ate andwhat
it was? How about how it raised its young or protected itself? These arethe questions scientists must answer from only fossil records. Because the
information is limited, theories
dinosaurs are constantly being revised.. Because
time to see and study dinosaurs, our information
alwaysbe theories. This can be very exciting because
means that maybe one
the future may find evidence that unlocks the answers to some of the bafflingquestions about dinosaurs like how they died.Let',s look
what evidence has been discovered.
The first dinosaur bone was discovered
1822 by MaryAnn Mantell
England. She found an Iguanodon tooth which she gave to herhusband, a scientist. It was not until
that another ,English paleontologist,Richard Owen invented the
describe the extinct animals whosefossilized bones they were finding. The word dinosaur means "terrible Iizard
Size: How big were dinosaurs? From excavated bones,dinosaur skeletons haye been assembled. They give us a more accurate record
the size and kinds of dinosaurs.For example: -
Com psognathus 1 foot 2 feetTyrannosaurus
Velociraptor 4 feet 6 feet
get an idea
how big a Tyrannosaurus was? Measure
feet on the
with a tape measure. Have the children lay head to toe until they reach
many children, did it take? Show children a poster-size graph
therelative sizes of a few
color were dinosaurs? What texture was their skin? Show samples
simulation dina skin. Discuss various colors
nature and show a short slide show
variety"of colors that
Examples: Painted bunting, c;ollared lizard,alligator monitor, poison arrow frogs, zebra. Could dinosaurs have been
did dinosaurs eat?
aTyrannosaurus tooth as an example of a carnivore. Tyrannosaurus had
teeth. The teeth were
sharp and had razor-like edges like a stakeknife.
were perfect for stabbing and slicing through flesh. Contrast Tyrano vs.
an herbivore. Stegosaurus had a turtle-like beaked mouth to chopsoft vegetation, then it ground the food with small weak teeth in the back of itsmouth.
a turtle skull for comparison.