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Dino Detectives (3-20 Minute .Stations) 'Theories" * Ho\v Do \Ve

Dino Detectives (3-20 Minute .Stations) 'Theories" * Ho\v Do \Ve

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Published by: anscprograms on Sep 25, 2009
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10/18/2011

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."'
u
u
Dino
Detectives
(3-20
minute
.
stations)'Theories"
*
Ho\v
do
\ve
know
dinos
ever
existed?
*
\Vhat
can
we
learn
from fossils?
What
vvill
\ve never
be
able
to
knO\V
from fossils?
*
How
do
fossils
fann? What makes
a fossil? eggs,
bones,
teeth,
skin,
shells,
footprints
*
\Vhy
are
all
the
dinosaurs
gone?
Are
they
really
extinct?
o
RNITHISCHIAN
=
bird
-
hipped
herbivores
/
rnithopods
=
bird-footed
e.x:
Parasaurolophus
Ceratopsians
=
horned/beaked
dinos
ex:
Protoceratops
and
Triceratops
annored
dinos
Pachycephalosaurus
-(thick-headed)
Stegosaurus
-(annar-plated)
·
.
·
.
·
.
·····
...··
..
· / t J : R i S c ~ ~ ~ p p e d · a i ' i i O s a u r s 
......................
.
CARNIVORES HERBIVORES
Therapods
=
Sauropods
=
wild-beast
footed reptile-footed
e.x::
Dilophosaurus
ex:
ApatosaU11.LS
and
Velocirc;zptor
and
T.
Rex
"Fossil
Dig"
Dig
for
fossils
in
sand
pit
---
talk
about
paleontologists,
tools
used
in
fossil digs,
museums
---fossils
found
in
Austin:
icthyosaur
and
plesiosaur,
cephalopods,
gastropods,
exogyra,
graphea,
echinoids,
mastodons,prehistoric
turtles,
but
NODINOSAURS!!! Why?
Austin was
under
the
ocean
at
the
time
dinosaurs
lived ---
research
still
happening
today
---
bury
again
at
end
for
next
class
 
u
u
PROGRAM DESCRIPTION:DINOSAURS
Part
I
Basis for program
Title: Dinosaur DetectivesCourse Description: Search· for dinosaur tracks while gathering cluesabout the creatures that made them . Dig for bones like apaleontologist and create a story about your favorite beast.Age Level: preK-grade 2Time: 1 hourGoal: Participants will learn about the characteristics
of
dinosaurs and theuncertainty of existing theories.
Part
II
Instructional Plan
Course Outline: Two 30 minute sessions:1st: Program box---dino relics to learn physical characteristics. lifestrategies and defenses.2nd: Fossil hunt---follow tracks to fossil pit and dig for fossils.(Rain plan: bubble in classroom)
Part III
Resource Support
Site Needs: 1 clas·sroom and sand pit (good weatn.er), 2 class
ooms
(bad).Participant Thresholds: up to
30
students with 2 instructors. .Transportation Needs: Outreach would require use of rain plan, also
ta~es
extra time to set up.'Resource Needs: Dina program boxDina egg nestBones to
bury
and digging equip. Laminated tracks -Dina posterDinosaur graph with die cut npeople"
. tnt
~
fp'rst
~
"n1rUU~.
1'c«
.I..Idt
~tI
~/YJ
~f)1.f
'1
tAL
f'Y1i)c/lA'-<.
Into
a
d"n~,.
lihAf-'.
Atld
eyes,
~~
~
to
~
~
p!\L
-ktA~
iJtIA
Izu
'I·
eM·
'
 
u
u
u
PROGRAM SCRIPT:
DINOSAURS
First Station:
Dinosaurs were a special group of animals that lived during the MesozoicEra, which lasted for almost 180 million years.
How
d,o
we know they existed? Scientists have found their remains: bones,eggs, tracks, coprolite (fossifized feces), nest, 'skin impressions, and gastroliths(stomach stones). '
Show
a bone from
a
known animal. Don't tell them what the bone
is
from.Imagine,that you are
a
paleontologist and you come across the bone. From onlythis information can you tell me what this animal was, where it lived, what it ate andwhat
color
it was? How about how it raised its young or protected itself? These arethe questions scientists must answer from only fossil records. Because the
:.
information is limited, theories
on
dinosaurs are constantly being revised.. Because
we
can
not
go back
in
time to see and study dinosaurs, our information
wiJI
alwaysbe theories. This can be very exciting because
it
means that maybe one
of
you
in
the future may find evidence that unlocks the answers to some of the bafflingquestions about dinosaurs like how they died.Let',s look
a1
what evidence has been discovered.
Bones:,
The first dinosaur bone was discovered
in
1822 by MaryAnn Mantell
in
England. She found an Iguanodon tooth which she gave to herhusband, a scientist. It was not until
1841
that another ,English paleontologist,Richard Owen invented the
word-dinosaurto
describe the extinct animals whosefossilized bones they were finding. The word dinosaur means "terrible Iizard
D
Size: How big were dinosaurs? From excavated bones,dinosaur skeletons haye been assembled. They give us a more accurate record
of
the size and kinds of dinosaurs.For example: -
Height
Length
Com psognathus 1 foot 2 feetTyrannosaurus
43
ft.
50
ft.
Triceratops 30
ft.
25
ft.
Diplodocus 90
ft.
100
ft.
Velociraptor 4 feet 6 feet
(For comparison:
a
small
car
weighs about
1
ton.
)
Weight
, 7
tons
6
tons13 tons,
Let1s
get an idea
of
how big a Tyrannosaurus was? Measure
40
feet on the
g~ound
with a tape measure. Have the children lay head to toe until they reach
40
feet.
How
many children, did it take? Show children a poster-size graph
of
therelative sizes of a few
of
the dinosaurs.
What
color were dinosaurs? What texture was their skin? Show samples
of
simulation dina skin. Discuss various colors
in
nature and show a short slide show
or
pictures
of
variety"of colors that
exist..
Examples: Painted bunting, c;ollared lizard,alligator monitor, poison arrow frogs, zebra. Could dinosaurs have been
tho~e
strange colors?
WhC\t
did dinosaurs eat?
We
can tell
by
looking
at
their teeth."
Show
aTyrannosaurus tooth as an example of a carnivore. Tyrannosaurus had
60
I~rge
curved
back
teeth. The teeth were
very
sharp and had razor-like edges like a stakeknife.
They
were perfect for stabbing and slicing through flesh. Contrast Tyrano vs.
~tegosaurus,
an herbivore. Stegosaurus had a turtle-like beaked mouth to chopsoft vegetation, then it ground the food with small weak teeth in the back of itsmouth.
Show
a turtle skull for comparison.

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