Boiler means any closed vessel in which for any purpose steam is generated under pressure greater than atmospheric pressure and also means any economizer used to heatwater being fed into any such vessel, any superheater used for heating steam and anyfitting directly attached to such vessel that is wholly or partly under pressure whensteam is shut off, and any vessel in which oil is heated at a pressure greater thanatmospheric pressure.
Pressure Vessel means a steam receiver, an air receiver and a portable gas generator.
Steam Receiver means any vessel or apparatus (other than a boiler, a
steam container, asteam pipe or coil, or a
part of a
prime-mover ) used for containing steam under pressure great than atmospheric pressure;
Steam Container means any vessel or apparatus (other than a steam pipe or coil)constructed with a permanent outlet into the atmosphere or into a space where the pressure does not exceed atmospheric pressure, and through which steam is passed atatmospheric pressure or at approximately that pressure for the purpose of heating, boiling, drying, evaporating or other similar purpose.
Air Receiver means:a.any vessel (other than a pipe or coil, or a accessory fitting or part of a Compressor)for containing compressed air and which is connected with an air compression plant. b.any fixed vessel for containing compressed air or compressed exhaust gases that isuse for the purpose of
starting an internal combustion engine;c.any fixed or portable vessel (not being part of a spraying pistol) used for the purpose of spraying, by means of compressed air, any paint, varnish lacquer of similar material; andd.any pressurized fuel container.
Portable Gas Generator means a vessel, not being a part of a fixed installation, withinwhich acetylene gas is generated by the admixture of calcium carbide and water.
C. Hazards and their Control
1.Pressure vessel rupture The rupture of a pressure vessel occurs when the total expansive force acting tocause the rupture exceeds the vessel’s strength. The process by which a boiler ruptureoccurs can be described as follows: when heat is applied to water in the boiler, itstemperature increases to the boiling point, causing it to evaporate, and the steam toexert pressure. Generally the steam leaves the boiler and is replaced by new supplies of water. When the input of heat from the boiler equals that removed by the system flow,equilibrium is reached and pressure remains constant. If steam flow output is preventedor restricted so it is inadequate to remove all the excess heat supplied, the temperature