Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
PDF Version VOUCHER 11:2013 Michigan Public Education Voucher System

PDF Version VOUCHER 11:2013 Michigan Public Education Voucher System

Ratings: (0)|Views: 3|Likes:
Published by Richard D. McLellan
Commentary regarding the adoption by many Michigan anti-school choice advocates of the term "voucher" to apply to any public education school choice proposal. The Commentary, by an advocate of public school choice, accepts the adoption of the term "voucher" and proposes that the changes in Michigan be described as the "Michigan Public Education Voucher System."

The Commentary does not address the separate (and in Michigan, constitutionally prohibited) concept of public aid to private or religious schools. Since 1970, Michigan voters have four separate times rejected using taxpayer funds for most private and parochial student expenses. But the public and the Michigan Legislature have embraced choice, change and diversity within the public school arena.

The author was one of the principal drafters of the Michigan charter school law and successfully defended the law in the Michigan Supreme Court.
Commentary regarding the adoption by many Michigan anti-school choice advocates of the term "voucher" to apply to any public education school choice proposal. The Commentary, by an advocate of public school choice, accepts the adoption of the term "voucher" and proposes that the changes in Michigan be described as the "Michigan Public Education Voucher System."

The Commentary does not address the separate (and in Michigan, constitutionally prohibited) concept of public aid to private or religious schools. Since 1970, Michigan voters have four separate times rejected using taxpayer funds for most private and parochial student expenses. But the public and the Michigan Legislature have embraced choice, change and diversity within the public school arena.

The author was one of the principal drafters of the Michigan charter school law and successfully defended the law in the Michigan Supreme Court.

More info:

Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Richard D. McLellan on Jan 25, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/25/2014

pdf

text

original

 
 
Commentary on Michigan Public Education Voucher System
!"##$%&'() +) ,-./'(0 12 3.4$55'%
 November 11, 2013 Contents:
!"##$%&''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''( *+, -+%#./0102&3 45"61.7 89"7$:.0/ ;0"7<+%='''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''( !70>+ 0? 5"61.7 89"7$:.0/ ;0"7<+%@''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''A B0, :<+ ;0"7<+% C0/:%0D+%@& !:$%:+9'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''E B0@:.1.:& :0 F"@./+@@''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''G -<+ H+$1 I@@"+@3 J0/+& $/9 C0/:%01''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''G -%$9.:.0/$1 K+?./.:.0/@ 0? :<+ -+%# ;0"7<+%'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''L M>>+/9.N M3 B.@:0%.7$1 *0:+@ O/ 89"7$:.0/ 4;0"7<+%@= I/ J.7<.2$/''''''''''''''''''''''''''''P 8N7+%>:@3 C0"/7.1 0? O%2$/.Q$:.0/@ $/9 O:<+%@ ?0% 89"7$:.0/ M60": 5$%07<.$.9R I/7' D' S0D+%/0%'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''(T M>>+/9.N F3 J.7<.2$/ C0/@:.:":.0/$1 5%0D.@.0/@'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''(U V+& 81+#+/:@ 0? 5$%07<.$.9 5%0D.@.0/ WM%:' ;IIIR XUR YUZ'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''(U M>>+/9.N C3 I/.:.$:.D+@ $/9 H+?+%+/9"#@ [/9+% :<+ C0/@:.:":.0/ 0? :<+ !:$:+ 0? J.7<.2$/ 0? (PGA''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''(E
!"##$%&
The State of Michigan has created a broad and diverse set of public education entities, and funds each Michigan resident student with a “per pupil allowance” applicable in multiple public school schools. In sum, these structures, laws and financing mechanisms amount to a “public education voucher” whereby a student and his or her parents can shop for public education services (but not private, i.e., “nonpublic schools”). Since 1970, Michigan voters have four separate times rejected using taxpayer funds for most private and parochial students expenses. But the public and the Michigan Legislature have embraced choice, change and diversity within the public school arena. This document outlines the evolution of the term “public education voucher” in Michigan and the structure that underlies the term.
()* +)%#,-./.0&1 23"4/,5 67"5$8,.- 9."5:)%;
The term “vouchers” has previously been toxic to Michigan public school unions and administrators because of its connection to private education. Politically, it has been a code word for any effort to provide taxpayer funds to students that attend private schools, whether it is tax credits, indirect support, or direct vouchers. The meaning of the term, at least within Michigan, seems to have shifted away from a focus on support for religious schools. Since Governor Rick Snyder assumed office in
 
C0##+/:$%& 0/ J.7<.2$/ 5"61.7 89"7$:.0/ ;0"7<+% !&@:+#
Page 2 of 16 2011 and called for a “reinvention” of public education there has been a wide-ranging  public debate regarding school funding, the scope of public education choice, and expansion of types of public schools. It is this broad public school choice that has come to be called “vouchers” by some. For example, John Austin, elected President of the State Board of Education has said: "This is a voucher system," when speaking of public school choice.
i
 In addition, the  public radio station owned by the University of Michigan reported: State Board of Education president John Austin said it was "very unnerving" to hear of the secret group aimed at creating a
voucher system for public education
 in Michigan.
ii
 Chad Livengood a reporter with Detroit News Lansing Bureau has written about “education reform group forges voucher-like plan for Michigan” and asserted that a  public school choice proposal was: A lower-cost model for K-12 public education with a funding mechanism that resembles school vouchers.
iii
 Liberal publication, the Daily Kos continued the approach: A secret work group that includes top aides to Gov. Rick Snyder has been meeting since December to develop a lower-cost model for K-12 public education with a funding mechanism that resembles school vouchers.
iv
 Others have said the proposal would create a "voucher" system that would allow dollars to flow out of public schools into for-profit charter schools and cyberschools. State Senate Minority Leader Gretchen Whitmer has said
v
: The deeply flawed plan would end public education as we know it in Michigan by enacting nearly the same
voucher system
that Michigan voters overwhelmingly rejected in 2000. There is logic to redefining “school vouchers” to broadly include any student/parent directed allocation of taxpayer funds for the student’s public school education. While a  public school voucher does not help finance attendance at a religious or private school, it does enable access to the array of public school choices permitted under Michigan’s system of free public elementary and secondary schools. The following chart compares  public school vouchers and private school vouchers:
 
3%,<$8) !5:../ 9."5:)% 3"4/,5 67"5$8,.- 9."5:)%
Use public (taxpayer) funding. Use public (taxpayer) funding. Government sets amount of voucher. Government sets amount of voucher.
 
C0##+/:$%& 0/ J.7<.2$/ 5"61.7 89"7$:.0/ ;0"7<+% !&@:+#
Page 3 of 16
3%,<$8) !5:../ 9."5:)% 3"4/,5 67"5$8,.- 9."5:)%
Parents/students can select school from among participating schools and education  programs (public or private). Parents/students can select school from among participating schools and education  programs (public, i.e., government, only). Public education authorities determine what courses are covered by voucher financing. Public education authorities determine what courses are covered by voucher financing. State approved teachers are required. State approved teachers are required. Parents/students can choose school a school that provides religious education in addition to conventional education. Only secular government-run schools are included. Pursuant to this new definition, “voucher” no longer has the traditional definition of referring solely to taxpayer funding of religious and private education. It now refers to any mechanism that facilitates selection within public school options. But the differences between public school vouchers and private school vouchers are significant and writers should be careful to distinguish between “public school vouchers” and “private school vouchers.” The primary distinction is that public school vouchers are  permitted under Michigan’s Constitution and private school vouchers are prohibited.
!5.=) .> 3"4/,5 67"5$8,.- 9."5:)%?
As a result of this change of definition, it is fair to say that Michigan’s system of robust choice in public education amounts to “public school vouchers.” Under Michigan law for more than a decade, parents and students have had extensive, but not complete, ability to select the public school a student chooses to attend, including:
 
The right to attend another school district within the ISD of the student’s residence.
 
Extensive intra-district choice. Many districts have established a wide range of type of public schools for students in their district, including: Magnet (public) International Baccalaureate Middle College Schools New Technology Schools STEM/STEAM Schools STRIVE Schools Blended Schools Online (cyber) schools International tuition school Exam schools International tuition student schools
 
A wide range of charter and cyber schools, including:

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->