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history of typography

history of typography

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Published by: act on Jul 21, 2007
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08/07/2013

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HOME PAGE & HOW to USE THIS MODULE
1.typeface- a complete set of consistently drawnletterforms, sometimes called a font2.layout- page design3.typography- the study of type and letterforms4.elements of type- the separate parts of letterforms5.type format- the arrangement of type on a page6.glossary- a list of difficult or specialized wordswith their definitions
ELEMENTS of TYPE
7.art form- the creation of something beautiful8.layout- page design9.categories- similar groups10.elements of type- the separate parts of letterforms11.baseline- the bottom of a line of type,excluding the descender12.horizontally- sideways, across the page13.freeform- a freely drawn shape, an irregularcurve14.text- non-headline type, the basic words in thebody of a document15.ascender- the part of a lower case letter thatextends above the mid-point (or x-height)16.mid-point- the part of lower case letters whichexcludes the ascender and descender, also calledthe x-height17.descender- the part of a lower case letter thatextends below the baseline18.categories- similar groups19.serif - the fine line that finishes off the strokeof a letter20.sans serif - type which does not include serifs21.x-height- the part of lower case letters whichexcludes the ascender and descender, also calledthe mid-point22.ascenders- the part of a lower case letter thatextends above the mid-point (or x-height)23.descenders- the part of a lower case letter thatextends below the baseline24.proportion- the part considered in relation tothe whole25.counter- the round opening in a letterform26.crossbar- the horizontal crossing line in some
 
letters27.stem- the vertical stroke of a letterform28.swash- the curved swirled line or tail used toenhance letters, the flourish29.hairline- the thin line at the connection pointof two thicker lines
 
HISTORY of TYPEFACE DESIGN
30.pre-dates- comes before31.printing press- a mechanical device using ink and controlled pressure to transfer images andtype onto paper32.scribes- specialists in handwriting andcalligraphy who wrote out documents by handbefore the development of the printing press33.adapt- adjust, change, modify34.baseline- the bottom of a line of type,excluding the descender35.refinements- improvements36.flexibility- variety, change37.Old Style- the earliest type design for theprinting press characterized by simple lines andheavy serifs38.printing press- a mechanical device using ink and controlled pressure to transfer images andtype onto paper39.serifs- the fine line that finishes off the strokeof a letter40.stem- the vertical stroke of a letterform41.bracketing- the curve formed when a stem joins a serif 42.contrast- the amount or degree of changefrom one thing to another43.Transitional- after Old Style, the nextcategory of type design; it has more line contrastand more delicate serifs44.contrast- the amount or degree of changefrom one thing to another45.bracketing- the curve formed when a stem joins a serif 46.x-heightst- the part of lower case letterswhich excludes the ascender and descender, alsocalled the mid-point47.Modern- follows Transitional Style, it hasgreater stroke contrast and no bracketing of serifs48.contrast- the amount or degree of changefrom one thing to another49.bracketing- the curve formed when a stem joins a serif 
 
50.serif - the fine line that finishes off the strokeof a letter51.Square Serif - developed after Modern Style, atype style characterized by uniform line weightsand block serifs (without bracketing)52.bracketing- the curve formed when a stem joins a serif 53.weight- the thickness of a line54.Contemporary- the most recent type stylecharacterized by uniform line weights and no serifs55.classifications- categories with similarqualities56.sans serif - type which does not include serifs57.x-height- the part of lower case letters whichexcludes the ascender and descender, also calledthe mid-point58.Script- typeface classification for styles whichresemble handwriting59.Novelty, Decorative- specialty type of aconsistent design but does not follow the standardclassification methods60.italics- a lettering style, not a typefaceclassification, characterized by the slant of theletters toward the right
MEASUREMENT of TYPE
61.precise- accurate62.point- a unit of measurement equal to 1/72ndof an inch, a very thin space63.ascenders- the part of a lower case letter thatextends above the mid-point (or x-height)64.descenders- the part of a lower case letter thatextends below the baseline65.E-gauge- a device used to measure the pointsize of type66.ascender- the part of a lower case letter thatextends above the mid-point (or x-height)67.vertical- straight up and down, perpendicularto the horizon68.leading- the space from one baseline of agroup of text to the next baseline, measured inpoints69.baseline- the bottom of a line of type,excluding the descender70.points- a unit of measurement equal to 1/72ndof an inch, a very thin space71.pica- a unit of measurement equal to twelvepoints, there are six picas in one inch

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