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Configure NAT on Cable Modem

Configure NAT on Cable Modem

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Published by Rismal Ray Vaughan

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Published by: Rismal Ray Vaughan on Sep 26, 2009
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02/01/2013

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Cisco \u2212 Configuring NAT on Cable Modem
Table of Contents
Configuring NAT on Cable Modem..................................................................................................................1

Contents...................................................................................................................................................1 Introduction..............................................................................................................................................1 Network Diagram.....................................................................................................................................1 Configuration...........................................................................................................................................2 Verification..............................................................................................................................................3 Related Information...............................................................................................................................5

Cisco \u2212 Configuring NAT on Cable Modem
i
Configuring NAT on Cable Modem
Contents

Introduction
Network Diagram
Configurations
Verification
Related Information

Introduction
In a typical deployment of cable modem technology, Network Address Translation (NAT) is used by end
customers who have:
A mid\u2212sized network behind their cable modems
\u2022
Have more IP hosts than they do registered public IP addresses
\u2022
In such a scenario, private IP addresses are assigned to the hosts on the internal network, and NAT is

configured on the cable modem to translate those private addresses into one or more public addresses.
In its simplest configuration, NAT operates on a router connecting two networks together.
One of these networks (designated as inside) is addressed with either private or obsolete addresses that need

to be converted into legal addresses before packets are forwarded onto the other network (designated as
outside).

Translation operates in conjunction with routing, so that NAT can simply be enabled on a customer\u2212side
Internet access router, such as the Cisco uBR900 series of cable access routers, when translation is desired.
Use of a NAT device provides RFC 1631\u2212style network address translation on the router platform. RFC 1631
represents a subset of Cisco IOS? NAT functionality. When properly configured, NAT should be transparent
to the end user.

To configure NAT on a Cisco uBR900 series cable modem, the cable modem must be configured in routing
mode, not bridging mode.
In implementation, all versions of the Cisco IOS available on the Cisco uBR900 series support NAT. For the
configuration below we used Cisco IOS Version 12.1(6) in our uBR904.
Network Diagram
Cisco \u2212 Configuring NAT on Cable Modem

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