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Feature of the Constitution of Bangladesh

Feature of the Constitution of Bangladesh

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Published by Md. Mahbubul Karim
About Feature of the Constitution of Bangladesh
About Feature of the Constitution of Bangladesh

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Published by: Md. Mahbubul Karim on Feb 01, 2008
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12/14/2012

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C.L.BFeature of Bangladeshi ConstitutionWritten Constitution: The Constitution of the people Republic of Bangladesh iswritten document. It was formally adopted by the Constitution Assembly on aspecific day 4th Nov. 1972. It contains 153 articles, 1 preamble & 4 schedules.Rigid Constitution: The Constitution of Bangladesh is a rigid. An amended can bepassed only by votes of two-thirds members in the total members of parliament.Preamble: The constitution of Bangladesh starts with a preamble which is describedas the guiding star of the Constitution. This Preamble contains the legal as wellas moral basis of the Constitution. It also identifies the objectives and aims ofthe state.Supremacy of the Constitution: The Constitution Supremacy has been ensured in theConstitution of Bangladesh.Article (7) provides that, this constitution is as the solemn expression of thewill of the people, the supreme law of the Republic, and if any other law isinconsistence with this Constitution that other law shell, to the extent of theinconsistency, be void.Unitary Government System: Article (1) of the Constitution provides thatBangladesh is a unitary people’s republic. Unitary government means all powercentralized under the constitution.Unicameral Legislature: Article (65) of the Constitution provides UnicameralLegislature for Bangladesh. It is only one house, which known as “House of theNation”.Fundamental Principle of State Policy: Article (8) of the Constitution providesfor four major fundamental principle of state policy.a)Nationalism.b)Democracy.c)Socialism.d)SecularismFundamental Right: Part 3 of the Constitution provides for 18 fundamental rights.The enjoyment and enforcement of those rights have been guaranteed in theConstitution. No authority can make any law which is inconsistent with theprovisions of fundamental right and if any law made shell be void to the extent ofinconsistency.Parliamentary form of Government: The Constitution of Bangladesh provides for aWestminster type of parliamentary system. This form of government means that thegovernment is run by cabinet of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Presidentbecomes a titular head but real executive power is exercised by the cabinet.Independence of Judiciary: The Constitution of 1972 ensured the independence ofJudiciary.Firstly, Provision was made that the Chief Justice would be appointed by thePresident and other justice of the Supreme Court appointed after consultation withthe Chief Justice. Appointment of subordinate judges and magistrates was also tobe exercised with consultation of the Supreme Court.Secondly, a judge could not be removed form his office expect by an order of thePresident passed to a resolution of parliament supported by a two-third members ofthe parliament. Again, the security of tenure of the subordinate judge was vested

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Shahid Sabuj added this note
1)nationalism 2)democracy 3)socialism and 4)secularism they are not fundamental principles of state policy but these are fundamental principles of Bangladesh constitution.Fundamental principles of state policy are from Articles 8 to 25.
Sharmin Sultana added this note
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