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Tel Encephalo n

Tel Encephalo n

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Published by Australian-Sunset
Tel Encephalo n
Tel Encephalo n

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Australian-Sunset on Jan 26, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/26/2014

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Diencephalon and Hypothalamus
Objectives:
1) To become familiar with the four major divisions of the diencephalon 2) To understand the major anatomical divisions and functions of the hypothalamus.3) To appreciate the relationship of the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland
 
Four Subdivisions of the Diencephalon:Epithalamus, SubthalamusThalamus & Hypothalamus
Epithalamus
 
1. Epithalamus
 (
epi
 means upon) the most dorsal part of thediencephalon; it forms a caplike covering over the thalamus. a. The smallest and oldest part of the diencephalon b. Composed of:
 pineal body
,
habenular nuclei
 and the
caudal commissure
 c. Function: It is functionally and anatomically linked to the limbic system; implicated in a number of autonomic (ie. respiratory, cardio- vascular), endocrine (thyroid function) and reproductive (mating  behavior; responsible for postpartum maternal behavior) functions. Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland at night and is concerned with biological timing including sleep induction.

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