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Speech on Traffic Jam by IGP.

Speech on Traffic Jam by IGP.

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Published by: murad_ce on Jan 27, 2014
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 Speech of the Inspector General of Police (IGP)Traffic Jam in Dhaka City: Challenges and Possible Soltion Janary !":#$$% (!#:&$ pm)
Mr. President- American Chamber of Commerce in BangladeshDistinguished Guests, Ladies and GentlemenAssalamu Alaikum and Good AfternoonLet me first take the opportunit to e!tend m heartfelt thanks and gratitude to "American Chamber of Commerce in Bangladesh# for in$iting me here in this  programme. %t#s a great pleasure and honour for me to be here to share m e!periences on "&raffic 'am# (hich is one of the burning issues for Dhaka Cit. %n m speech, % am going to highlight- important causes of traffic )am in Dhaka Cit, challenges (e are facing to address the issue, our achie$ements and finall % am going to make a fe( recommendations. % (ould appreciate, if ou please supplement me (ith our $aluable and intellectual inputs at the end of the session.
Reasons behind traffic jam
(a) City lay'ot (master plan) and oer'poplation
&he causes of traffic congestion in Dhaka cit are multifarious. *tarting from the cit itself, it is obser$ed that the skeleton, structure and la-out of Dhaka Cit are not (ell-planned and (ell-directed. Dhaka is also a highl populated cit. More than one crore people li$e here and the figure is increasing da b da. &his huge population acts as an auto-catalst of traffic congestion in Dhaka Cit.
(b) Inadeate and nplanned roads
+ Dhaka Cit has $er inadeuate road net(orks. or a standard cit, (here the minimum road reuirement is /0, Dhaka has onl 1./0 road of its total area. 230 of this 1./0 road is also occupied b the ha(kers, salesman and shopkeepers. A significant portion is occupied b construction materials and (aste-containers of the Cit Corporation. As a result, $ehicles do not get sufficient space to mo$e on. Besides this, in most cases roads are serpentine rather than being straight. &his ultimatel breeds a number of unnecessar )unctions (here $ehicles automaticall slo( do(n. Again, these roads are also not (ell constructed and regularl repaired. Cit Corporation, D4*A, 5A*A, B&&B e!ca$ate the roads randoml (ithout an integrated and central plan. Lack of proper maintenance causes the $ehicle to stop (ithout an prior notice. During the rain season the situation becomes more critical (hile the roads go under (ater due to hea$ rain.
(c) *eterogeneos ehicles and inadeate pblic transport:
 Dhaka is a cit of heterogeneous $ehicles. 6uman puller to latest model automobile, mechanical to non-mechanical, slo( to fast-mo$ing, nothing left on the road of Dhaka. %t is uite difficult to control all these $ehicles on the same road as the ha$e different speed capacit. Besides this, public transport sstem in Dhaka cit is not adeuate and  properl-routed. %nstead of big and spacious buses, presence of large number of mini- buses and pri$ate $ehicles can onl contribute to carr fe( passengers, but not to reduction of traffic congestion.
(d) +ail crossing 
 4$erda (e are e!periencing mo$ement of 17 trains to and from Dhaka. 8n an a$erage, it takes fi$e minutes to get the clearance for each crossing. &hus in one crossing, e$erda the $ehicles stop for si! hours that is reall difficult to offset.
e) Insfficient parking arrangement and road blockage
 Limited parking arrangement is another ma)or cause of e!cessi$e traffic in Dhaka Cit. %t has become a regular practice to park the car on road. 4$en during rush hours, people are seen loading and unloading their $ehicles on a bus road. Cit transports also stop here and there (ithout an $alid reason. &he three ma)or bus stations, *aedabad, Gabtoli and Mohakhali do not ha$e sufficient capacit to accommodate all the buses operating from here. A recent addition to road blockage is the long ueue of $ehicles at C9G stations, (hich is reall difficult to o$ercome.
Challenges we face
(a) People are not la, abiding 
 At this stage, % am going to mention a fe(  problems that (e al(as face to address the traffic issues. Most important problem that (e reali:e "people are not la( abiding, the do not (ant to follo( traffic rules#. Pedestrians sho( less interest to use footpath, foot-o$er-bridge or under-pass. *imilarl, dri$ers neither tr to maintain the speed nor follo( the lane. %n most cases, as the punishment is nominal, the tend to breach the rules again and again.
(b) Inadeate logistics:
8ur traffic management sstem is not automated and (ell-euipped. All the )unctions are not facilitated (ith signal lights. 5here there are lights, most often those remain out of order. Moreo$er, une$en flo( of $ehicles from different directions reduces the effecti$it of traffic signals. Besides, (e do not ha$e sufficient $ehicles to chase a car or bus committed an accident.
(b) Shortage of -anpo,er:
 5e do not ha$e sufficient and (ell-trained human resources. our thousand officers (ork in t(o shifts- morning and afternoon. Due to administrati$e and other in$ol$ement, onl fifteen hundred officers can be engaged in one shift to control the mo$ement of millions of people and $ehicles in Dhaka Cit. &his figure is uite insufficient to manage the e!isting traffic scenario.
Achievements of Traffic Division
 9o( % am going to highlight a fe( of our achie$ements. 5e ha$e alread made most of the important roads free from non-mechanical $ehicles especiall ricksha(. ;ou can understand $er (ell, complete (ithdra(al of ricksha( is a $er sensiti$e and delicate issue. &housands of people are li$ing their li$es b pulling ricksha(s, and also this is one of the popular communication means for lo( and mid-le$el income group people. 6o(e$er, follo(ing the e!isting rules, and time to time go$ernment instructions, (e ha$e conducted se$eral operations against illegal ricksha(s and filed a number of cases.5e ha$e introduced one (a $ehicle mo$ement strateg in different areas. &his has gi$en much better result. 5e are taking strict legal action against $iolators of traffic rules. Last ear (e filed 7 lakh << thousand cases and reali:ed => crore /3 lakh taka as fine. 5e ha$e arranged se$eral strategic and moti$ational meetings (ith go$ernment and transport agencies and finall succeeded to control the mo$ement of truck and other long-route $ehicles. 9o( trucks and long-route buses can enter cit onl after =3 o#clock at night. 5e ha$e also conducted special operation against model-out $ehicles and the number has reduced significantl. ?emo$al of bab ta!i is a notable e!ample.
6o(e$er, it is understandable that resol$ing the problem of traffic )am in Dhaka cit is not possible (ithin a short time. %t needs both short-term and long-term strategies. *hort-term strategies ma include re-ad)usting the school and office time keeping at least one hour difference, re-routing the public transport, reducing and replacing pri$ate transport (ith con$enient and cheaper public transport, fi!ing different fare for rush and non-rush hour and finall keeping the foot-(as free from ha(kers and shopkeepers.Long-term strategies, on the other hand, ma be constructing long flo$er from one end to another end of cit, introducing underground rail ser$ice, undertaking co-ordinated and integrated strategies among different agencies (orking for citde$elopment, replacing ricksha(s b assuring proper rehabilitation of ricksha(- pullers, constructing under-pass and foot-o$er-bridge in different important )unctions and finall decentrali:ing the cit itself.&o reduce traffic congestion in Dhaka Cit, the most $ital prereuisite that % feel, is the de$elopment of public consciousness. @nless and until (e change our  perception and de$elop a mind to abide traffic rules, (hate$er strateg (e take, that (ill not (ork properl. % belie$e, our la(-abiding consciousness, good-intention and sincere co-operation can remarkabl reduce traffic )am in Dhaka cit.

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