(c) *eterogeneos ehicles and inadeate pblic transport:
Dhaka is a cit of heterogeneous $ehicles. 6uman puller to latest model automobile, mechanical to non-mechanical, slo( to fast-mo$ing, nothing left on the road of Dhaka. %t is uite difficult to control all these $ehicles on the same road as the ha$e different speed capacit. Besides this, public transport sstem in Dhaka cit is not adeuate and properl-routed. %nstead of big and spacious buses, presence of large number of mini- buses and pri$ate $ehicles can onl contribute to carr fe( passengers, but not to reduction of traffic congestion.
(d) +ail crossing
4$erda (e are e!periencing mo$ement of 17 trains to and from Dhaka. 8n an a$erage, it takes fi$e minutes to get the clearance for each crossing. &hus in one crossing, e$erda the $ehicles stop for si! hours that is reall difficult to offset.
e) Insfficient parking arrangement and road blockage
Limited parking arrangement is another ma)or cause of e!cessi$e traffic in Dhaka Cit. %t has become a regular practice to park the car on road. 4$en during rush hours, people are seen loading and unloading their $ehicles on a bus road. Cit transports also stop here and there (ithout an $alid reason. &he three ma)or bus stations, *aedabad, Gabtoli and Mohakhali do not ha$e sufficient capacit to accommodate all the buses operating from here. A recent addition to road blockage is the long ueue of $ehicles at C9G stations, (hich is reall difficult to o$ercome.
Challenges we face
(a) People are not la, abiding
At this stage, % am going to mention a fe( problems that (e al(as face to address the traffic issues. Most important problem that (e reali:e "people are not la( abiding, the do not (ant to follo( traffic rules#. Pedestrians sho( less interest to use footpath, foot-o$er-bridge or under-pass. *imilarl, dri$ers neither tr to maintain the speed nor follo( the lane. %n most cases, as the punishment is nominal, the tend to breach the rules again and again.
(b) Inadeate logistics:
8ur traffic management sstem is not automated and (ell-euipped. All the )unctions are not facilitated (ith signal lights. 5here there are lights, most often those remain out of order. Moreo$er, une$en flo( of $ehicles from different directions reduces the effecti$it of traffic signals. Besides, (e do not ha$e sufficient $ehicles to chase a car or bus committed an accident.
(b) Shortage of -anpo,er:
5e do not ha$e sufficient and (ell-trained human resources. our thousand officers (ork in t(o shifts- morning and afternoon. Due to administrati$e and other in$ol$ement, onl fifteen hundred officers can be engaged in one shift to control the mo$ement of millions of people and $ehicles in Dhaka Cit. &his figure is uite insufficient to manage the e!isting traffic scenario.