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Rr220302 Metallurgy and Material Science

Rr220302 Metallurgy and Material Science

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Published by Srinivasa Rao G

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Published by: Srinivasa Rao G on Feb 01, 2008
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09/17/2010

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Code No: RR220302
Set No. 1
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, ProductionEngineering and Automobile Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆
1. (a) Distinguish between Burger’s vector and Burger’s circuit with the help of aneat sketch. [6](b) Find the equilibrium concentration of vacancies in Aluminium at 0k, 300k and900k (Enthalpy of formation of Al is 68 kJ/mole). [6](c) Indicate and explain what type of bonds will be present in the following:
2
,
2
O,CH 
4
,MgO
. [4]2. (a) Distinguish between unsaturated; Saturated and supersaturated solutions withsuitable examples. [8](b) Explain the following with respect to the formation of substitutional solidsolutions.i. crystal structure factorii. Relative size factor. [4+4]3. (a) Distinguish between microsegregation and macrosegregation. [6](b) Explain the following: [10]i. Liquidus lineii. Solidus lineiii. Solvus lineiv. congruent melting alloys.4. (a) Explain the Malleabilizing treatment given to white iron castings. Sketch thetypical microstructure of malleable cast iron label the phases in it. [8](b) What is High speed steel? Give the typical composition of High speed steel.Explain the part played by each of the alloying elements in tool steels. Explainthe heat treatment process of High speed steel. [8]5. (a) Explain mechanism and kinetics of pearlite into austenite on heating steel.[8](b) Discusss the effect of alloying elements on eutectoid transformation in steels.[8]6. (a) Describe the effect of increasing zinc content on the properties of brasses. [6](b) What is season cracking of brasses? How it is avoided? [5](c) What is equivalent zinc of a brass? Explain its significance and usefulness.[5]1 of 2
 
Code No: RR220302
Set No. 1
7. (a) Explain why powder metallurgy is indispensable for the manufacture of certaincomponents. [6](b) What is conditioning of metal powders? Why is it done? [5](c) What is the best method for producing alloy powders? Why? [5]8. (a) What is generally considered to be the most serious problem associated withthe use of CMCs? How is this problem addressed? [8](b) How the rule of mixtures is useful in analyzing the strength of composites.[8]
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆
2 of 2
 
Code No: RR220302
Set No. 2
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007METALLURGY AND MATERIAL SCIENCE( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, ProductionEngineering and Automobile Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Explain why should we study the crystal structure of metals. [4](b) Compare and contrast single crystalline material and polycrystalline material.[6](c) Sketch the unit cells of the following: [6]i. Base centered Ortho Rhombic.ii. Simple TriclinicGive their unit cell specifications.2. (a) The Maximum solubility of carbon in gamma solid solution is 2% (interstecialvoid space is 26%) that of alpha Iron is 0.025%). (interstecial void space is32%). Explain the reasons for the above behavior with neat sketches. [10](b) Taking only 45 of the most common metals. Calculate maximum the numberof possibly binary; ternary and tetranary alloy systems. [6]3. (a) Explain the importance and applications of the following: [3x3=9]i. Phase ruleii. Lever ruleiii. Composition rule.(b) Distinguish between steels and cast irons and highlight the importance of eachof them as Engineering Materials.4. (a) Explain the manufacturing method of spheroidal graphite cast Iron. [8](b) Describe the structure of grey and white cast Iron and account for their con-tinued use as engineering material. [8]5. (a) Explain the differences between hardness and hardenability. [4x4=16](b) Describe Jominy End Quench test.(c) Discuss the effect of alloying elements on hardenability.(d) Explain critical cooling rate.6. (a) How the beta titanium alloys are strengthened. [4x4=16](b) Give at least 2 applications for alpha; alpha-beta and beta titanium alloys.(c) Explain the role of the following elements on the structure and properties of copper alloys.1 of 2

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