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Plural Der Substantive Theorie

Plural Der Substantive Theorie

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Published by: cainne on Sep 27, 2009
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11/15/2013

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Plural der Substantive
Theorie
\u00a9 Thomas H\u00f6fler 2005 \u2013 2009
1
learning target
Aim of this section is to learn how to form the plural of a noun.
singular
plural
English

der Junge
das Jahr
die T\u00fcr
das M\u00e4dchen
der Baum
das Auto

die Jungen
die Jahre
die T\u00fcren
die M\u00e4dchen
die B\u00e4ume
die Autos

boy / boys
year /years
door / doors
girl / girls
tree / trees
car / cars

rules
The rule is:
There is no rule!

No, it's no joke. In English you just add a "s" to form a plural. In German are 12 different ways to form a plural and there aren't really rules which help to know which noun requires which way. You have just one choice. When you learn a new noun learn the noun, the article and the plural form.

The 12 ways to form a plural in German
1. way: add an "e" to the noun
singular
plural
translation
der Schuh
die Schuhe
shoe / shoes
das Wort
die Worte
word / words
das Problem die Probleme problem / problems
2. way: add a "n" to the noun
singular
plural
translation

die Stra\u00dfe die Stra\u00dfen street / streets
die Schule die Schulen schools / schools
der Name die Namen name / names

3. way: add a "s" to the noun
singular
plural
translation
der Park
die Parks
park / parks
das Hotel
die Hotels
hotel / hotels
die Kamera die Kameras camera / cameras
Plural der Substantive
Theorie
\u00a9 Thomas H\u00f6fler 2005 \u2013 2009
2
4. way: add an "en" to the noun
singular
plural
translation
der Student die Studenten student / students
das Bett
die Betten
bed / beds
die T\u00fcr
die T\u00fcren
door / doors
5. way: add a "er" to the noun
singular
plural
translation
das Ei
die Eier

egg/ eggs
das Kind die Kinder child / children
der Geist die Geister ghost / ghosts

6. way: add a "se" to the noun
singular
plural
translation
das Zeugnis
die Zeugnisse
school report / school reports
das Erlebnis
die Erlebnisse
experience / experiences
das Verh\u00e4ltnis die Verh\u00e4ltnisse relationship / relationships
7. way: add a "nen" to the noun
singular
plural
translation
die Freundin
die Freundinnen friend / friends (female)
die \u00c4rztin
die \u00c4rztinnen
doctor / doctors (female)
die Studentin die Studentinnen student / students (female)
8. way: add nothing to the noun. Singluar and plural are the same.
singular
plural
translation
der Fehler
die Fehler

mistake / mistakes
der Sch\u00fcler die Sch\u00fcler pupil / pupils
das Fenster die Fenster window / windows

9. way: change the stem vowel.
singular
plural
translation
die Tochter die T\u00f6chter daughter/ daughters
der Vater
die V\u00e4ter
father / fathers
der Bruder die Br\u00fcder brother / brothers
10. way: change the stem vowel and add an "e" to the noun
singular
plural
translation
der Fu\u00df
die F\u00fc\u00dfe

foot / feet
die Stadt die St\u00e4dte city / cities
der Sohn die S\u00f6hne son / sons

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