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AIR CONDITIONING-PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS

AIR CONDITIONING-PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS

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This report contains vital information about the process of Air Conditioning and its principles.Architecture students may find it quite useful.
This report contains vital information about the process of Air Conditioning and its principles.Architecture students may find it quite useful.

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Published by: Abhishek Subramaniam Iyer on Sep 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/13/2013

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AIR –CONDITIONING
Principles and ConceptsAir conditioning
is the process whereby the condition of Air, as defined by itstemperature and moisture content, is changed.
 
In practice other factors must alsobe taken into account especially cleanliness; odor; velocity & distribution pattern.
Principles of Air- Conditioning:Human comfort
Inevitably 'comfort' is a very subjective matter. The Engineer aims to ensure'comfort' for most people found from statistical surveys .Most people (90%) arecomfortable when the air temperature is between 18-22°C and the %sat isbetween 40-65%. This zone can be shown on the psychometric chart. And isknown as the comfort zone.
 
 
Outside air is quite likely to be at a different condition from the required comfortzone condition. In order to bring its condition to within the comfort zone we mayneed to do one or more of the following:-
heat it; cool it; dehumidify it; humidifyit; or mix it.Dry air mass flow
In order to use the psychometric chart for air-conditioning work we need to find& use
dry air mass flows
. However, in practice air-flows are frequently measuredin terms of 
volume flow 
. In order to find dry air mass flow we need to use the
 specific volume
of the air.Specific volume = volume/massThe specific volume of the air is given from thePsychometric chart in m³/kg of 
dry air 
, therefore the Mass flow will be in terms of dry air mass flow.Obviously the condition of the air must be known (Typically d.b. temp. & %sat) inorder to find the specific Volume.
Air heating
The heating process can be illustrated on the psychometric chart thus:
 
 
Cooling/Dehumidification
In the case of cooling, the mixture will firstly be sensibly cooled to the point of saturation (called the dew point) then liquid water will precipitate if we coolfurther. Because moisture is removed dehumidification is achieved.The cooling/dehumidification process can be illustrated on the psychometricchart thus:

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