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ten little fingers 2

ten little fingers 2

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Published by tapas kundu
popular science with simple materials
popular science with simple materials

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Published by: tapas kundu on Sep 28, 2009
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10/28/2012

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OUR SENSES
Hearing
1. Close one ear with your finger. Ask afriend to click two spoons together anywhere behind you. Try to guess howfar away the spoons are and in whatdirection from you. As your friend movesaround you will find it very difficult to tellwhere he is and how far away.2. Blindfold one child and let the other childrenstand in a circle around her. One at a time eachchild in the circle makes a small noise. Each timethe blindfolded person has to point out towardsthe direction of the sound. How accurately can thechild detect the direction of the sound? Put acotton plug in one of her ear and try again.
Smell
1. Blindfold a friend and feed him small pieces of apples and onions while heholds his nose. Ask him what he iseating. He will find that the onion and theapple taste the same! Let him smellonions while he eats apples! Smell isvery important in identifying foods.2. Collect some things, which have a strongsmell - like tea leaves, orange, cloves, mustardoil, crushed leaves etc. Blindfold a friend andgive him each thing to smell and ask him to tellyou what it is. Make a list of pleasant smellsand unpleasant smells.
Taste
Dip a toothpick in asugar solution andtouch it to different parts of the tongue.You will find thatsweetness is detected by taste buds mainlyat die tip of dietongue. Saltiness will be detected mainly atthe sides of thetongue.
Sight and Balance
Try balancing on oneleg with both eyesclosed. Now try withthe eyes open. It ismuch easier with theeyes open. Sight is anaid to balance. Tryspinning around andsee whether it iseasier to regain balance when theeyes are open.
 
FUN WITH LIGHT
1. Put a mirror in a bowl so that it isat an angle of 30 degrees to thelevel of the water. When it is dark in the room, shine a torch on themirror A small spectrum of colourswill appear on the ceiling.2. Use a magnifying glassto focus rays of sunlightonto a black thread holdinga nail in the bottle. Thethread burns and the naildrops. But it won’t work with a white thread3. Let the sun rays focusonto a dark ink spot on the paper. The black colour of the ink spot absorbs the raysof the sun. The paper soon begins to smoke and mayeven catch fire.4. Place a pencil in a glasshalf filled with water. In acertain position the pencillooks as though it has been broken in two.5. Look through a thinglass of water at your ruler.The glass acts as amagnifying glass andmakes an enlarged image.6. Put a coin in an opaque teacup.Move away from the cup, and down,until the edge of the cup blocks thecoin from sight. Now slowly pour water into the cup without movingyour head. The coin gradually comes back into view!7. Cover one eye and look into a brightlight. After the eye has adjusted to the lightopen the other eye. Quickly compare thesizes of the pupils in each eye. In dim lightthe pupil is enlarged to let in more light.8. Take a shiningtablespoon. Hold theconvex (outward bulging) part of thespoon towards you.You will see an erectand shiny image of yourself.9. Now turn thespoon around so thatthe concave (inwardcurving) side facesyou. This time yousee a small upside-down image of yourself. 
In dimlight
 
Inbrightlight
 
BIRD IN A CAGE
We see things with our eyes. But we continue to see a thing for a little while longer even after ithas been removed from sight. This is called persistence of vision. The principle of the bow-drill,still in use by carpenters can be incorporated into an ingenious folk toy to demonstrate the persistence of vision.1. Take anempty cottonthread reel.Make a holethrough the reelat one end usinga divider point.2. Weave a thread through this hole.3. Tie the two ends of the thread tothe two ends of a strong coconut broomstick bent into an arc. The bowstring should be slightly loose.4. Take a 10-cm. long reedfrom a
 phooljhadu
(broom)and split it at one end for about1 cm in length.5. Insert the other end of the reed inside the reeland remove out thethread.6. Rotate the reed by 180degrees and insert it insidethe reel so that the threadloops once around the reed.7. Make a bird and a cage on either side of a 3 -cm. square card sheet.8. Wedge the card in the slit on top of the reed andapply some glue to stick it.9. Hold the thread reel withthe left hand and move the bow to and fro with the righthand. The reed will turn roundand round and the bird willappear to be encaged. The bow drill is a beautifulmechanism. It converts thestraight-line motion of the bow,into the rotary motion of thereed.

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