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08/15/2014

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14. Design of Pile Cap
14.1 Determination of Pile Cap Dimension
Minimum number of pilesnPDPL
+
Qe
=
wherePDPL
,
= dead and live loads on pile capQe= effective bearing capacity of pileQeQa20kNm
3
3D
()
2
H
=
D= pile dimensionH= depth of foundation20kNm
3
= average unit weight of soil and concreteQa= allowable bearing capacity of pile with FS2.5
=
4
..
Distance between piles = 2D4D
..
Distance from pile to concrete face = D2150mm
200mm
..
Reactions of piles

Page-237-

i
PnMxy
i
1n
y
( )
2
=+
Myx
i
1n
x
( )
2
=+
Qu
=
P1.2PD
1.6PL
+
=
MxMy
,
= bending moments about x- and y-axisx
i
y
i
,
= location of pileQuQa1.2PD
1.6PL
+
PDPL
+
=
Page-238-

Suggested minimum cener-to-center pile spacing by several building codes are as follows:
1.2 Determination of Depth of Pile CapA. Case of Two-way Shear
Vu
ϕ
Vc
whereVu= punching shear
ϕ
Vc= punching shear strength
ϕ
0.75
=
is strength reduction factor for shear Vuoutside
=
Qunoutside
=
ϕ
Vc
ϕ
min4f'c
b0
d
24
β
+
⎛

⎝  ⎞

⎠
f'c
b0
d
α
sd
b02
+
⎛ ⎝  ⎞ ⎠
f'c
b0
d

=
(in psi)
ϕ
Vc
ϕ
min0.33f'c
b0
d
0.1712
β
+
⎛

⎝  ⎞

⎠
f'c
b0
d
0.083
α
sd
b02
+
⎛ ⎝  ⎞ ⎠
f'c
b0
d

=
(in MPa)
α
s403020
=
for interior columns for edge columnsfor conner columns
β
= ratio of long side to short side of column
Page-239-