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Gwp_inbo Handbook for Iwrm in Basins_eng[1]

Gwp_inbo Handbook for Iwrm in Basins_eng[1]

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Published by PALANCEANU

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Published by: PALANCEANU on Sep 28, 2009
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 A HandbookfoIntegrated Water ResourcesManagementin Basins
 
THEGWP AND THEINBO
A HANDBOOKFOR INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCESMANAGEMENT IN BASINS
www.
inbo-news
.org | www.
gwpforum
.org
2
The
GlobalWater Partnership
(GWP) isaninternationalnetworkwhose vision isfor a water-secure world. The GWP mission isto supportthesustainable developmentand managementof water resourcesatalllevels.GWP wascreated in 1996 to foster integratedwater resourcesmanagement(IWRM), and toensure the co-ordinated developmentandmanagementofwater, land and relatedresourcesbymaximising economicand socialwelfare withoutcompromising the sustainabilityofvitalenvironmentalsystems.The GWP globalnetworkisopen to allorganisationsinvolved in water resourcesmanagement: developed and developingcountrygovernmentinstitutions, agenciesoftheUnited Nations, bi- and multi-lateraldevelopmentbanks, professionalassociations,research institutions, non-governmentalorganisationsand the private sector.More information aboutthe GWP and accesstothe
Catalyzing Change 
handbook, PolicyandTechnicalBriefs, and TECBackground Papersisavailable atwww.gwpforum.org. The ToolBoxonIWRM can be accessed atwww.gwptoolbox.org.
Published 2009 bythe GlobalWater Partnership (GWP) and the InternationalNetworkofBasin Organizations(INBO).Boxes2.B, 8.C, Example 6.1 and Figure 1 are reprinted from B.P. Hooper (2005)
Integrated River Basin Governance: Learning from International Experience 
, pages52, 67–68 and 120, with permission from the copyrightholders,InternationalWater Association, London UK.Design and layoutbyScriptoria, www.scriptoria.co.ukPrinted byElanders, Sweden, 2009.ISBN: 978-91-85321-72-8Preparation ofthishandbookhasbeen supported bythe MinistryofForeign AffairsofFranceaspartoftheir supportto GWP and INBO.
The
InternationalNetworkofBasinOrganizations
(INBO), established in 1994, isan internationalnetworkthatsupportstheimplementation ofintegrated water resourcesmanagementin river and lake basinsandaquifers. Itlinksbasin organisationsand other governmentagenciesresponsible for basinmanagementin order to promote the exchangeofexperiencesand develop suitable toolsfor better basin managementattransboundary,nationaland locallevels.INBO isorganised byregionalnetworksofbasinorganisations, in Africa, Latin America, Centraland Eastern Europe, and the Mediterranean. Itisalso co-ordinating the NetworkofInternationalCommissionsand TransboundaryBasinOrganisationsand the Europe-INBO group of European Basin Organisationsto facilitate theimplementation ofthe EU Water FrameworkDirective.INBO ismanaging a multi-year action plan tosupportthe creation and strengthening ofbasinorganisationsaround the world.More information aboutINBO activitiesandmembersisavailable atwww.inbo-news.org.
 
CONTENTS
A HANDBOOKFOR INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCESMANAGEMENT IN BASINS
www.
inbo-news
.org | www.
gwpforum
.org
3CONTENTS
Foreword
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
 Acknowledgements
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
 Acronyms
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
PartA Aboutthishandbook: Whywe need a practicalguide and how to use it
. . . . . . .9
1 Introduction
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91.1Keyconcepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91.2 Problemsand challengesfacing water managers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101.3 Addressing the challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
2 How to use thishandbook 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172.1 Integrated water resourcesmanagementin basins . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182.2 Basin managementasan iterative process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182.3 Entrylevelsfor integrated water resourcesmanagementin basins . .19
PartB Keyissuesin integrating water resourcesmanagementin basins
. . . . . . . . . . .25
3 Establishing basin managementsystems
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253.1 Politicalwilland basin managementsystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253.2 Law and policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .293.3 Water managementframework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .303.4 Internationalagreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
4 Rolesand typesofbasin organisations
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .334.1 Rolesofbasin organisations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .334.2 Typesofbasin organisations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .394.3 Complementaryrolesofwater managementbodiesin basins . . . . . .45
5 Finance
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .475.1 Usesoffinance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .475.2 Sourcesofrevenues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .495.3 Financing transboundarybasins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
6 Involving stakeholders
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .576.1 Identifying stakeholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .576.2 Getting stakeholder participation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .596.3 Stakeholder advisorygroups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
7 Strategiclong-term planning 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .657.1 Identifying issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .677.2 Setting priorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .687.3 Modelsand decision-supporttools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .687.4 Identifying managementoptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .707.5 Assessing risks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
8 Basin action plans
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .758.1 Developing basin action plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .758.2 Implementing basin action plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
9 Basin information systemsand monitoring 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .839.1 Organising collaborative basin information systems . . . . . . . . . . . . .849.2 Technicalaspectsand practicalimplementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .889.3 Monitoring and evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
10 Communication
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9710.1Raising awareness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9810.2 Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9910.3 Communication tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10010.4 Feedbackand learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Websites, referencesand further reading 
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103

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