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Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes

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Published by rafaeldesmonteiro

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Published by: rafaeldesmonteiro on Sep 28, 2009
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05/12/2013

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Copyright ©1994, 2000 by Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas. Allrights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. This book, or partsthereof, may not be reproduced in any form without permission of the publisher.Gulf Publishing CompanyBook DivisionP.O. Box 2608, Houston, Texas 77252-2608Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataPrinted on acid-free paper (
).
Chemistry of 
PETROCHEMICALPROCESSES
2nd Edition
 
This book is dedicated to the memory of Professor Lewis Hatch(1912–1991), a scholar, an educator, and a sincere friend.
 
v
Contents
Preface to Second Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiPreface to First Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiiiCHAPTER ONEPrimary Raw Materials forPetrochemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Introduction 1Natural Gas 1Natural Gas Treatment Processes 3, Natural Gas Liquids 8,Properties of Natural Gas 10Crude Oils 11Composition of Crude Oils 12, Properties of Crude Oils 19, CrudeOil Classification 21Coal, Oil Shale, Tar Sand, and Gas Hydrates 22References 26
CHAPTER TWOHydrocarbon Intermediates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Introduction 29Paraffinic Hydrocarbons 29Methane 30, Ethane 30, Propane 31, Butanes 31Olefinic Hydrocarbons 32Ethylene 32, Propylene 33, Butylenes 34Dienes 36Butadiene 37, Isoprene 37Aromatic Hydrocarbons 37Extraction of Aromatics 38Liquid Petroleum Fractions and Residues 42Naphtha 43, Kerosine 45, Gas Oil 46, Residual Fuel Oil 47References 47

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