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Phonetic Sounds of the Arabic Alphabet

Phonetic Sounds of the Arabic Alphabet

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Published by Mourad Diouri

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Published by: Mourad Diouri on Sep 28, 2009
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11/11/2011

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1
©
Mourad Diouri I e-Arabic.com | Centre for the Advanced Study of the Arab World (CASAW)
 
|

 
 
 
Universities of Edinburgh, Durham & Manchester
1
 
Diphthongs
are vowel sounds consisting of two vowels (short and long) joined together
 
2
 
Long Vowels
: There are three long vowels in the Arabic alphabet (
ﺍ
,
 ﻭ
,
ﻱ
)
3
 
Short Vowels
: There are three long short vowels in the Arabic alphabet (Fatha, Damma & Kasra). They are represented by diactric symbols, instead of alphabetic letters.
Arabic Alphabet Resources
 
Arabic Alphabet with Vowels & Phonetic Sounds
Shadda with the threeshort vowels(doubleconsonant)WithAlif
Maqs
ū
ra
 WithAlifMadNunation (double vowel)Dammat
ā
n Kasrat
ā
n Fathat
ā
nDiphthong
1
 (aw) (ay)Suk 
ū
n(voweless)Long
2
VowelW
ā
w
ā
’ Alif
 
Short Vowel
3
 Damma Kasra Fatha
 
.
..
 
..
.
 
ﻯ
 
 ﺁ 
)
ﺍ
+
ﺍ
(
 
ٌ
 
ُُ
 / 
ٍ
 
ﹰﺍ
 
ﻭَ
 
ﻱَ
 
.
ْ
...
 
ﻭ
 
ﻱ
 
ﺍ
 
ُ
 
ِ
 
َ
 
doubleconsonant
 
ā
 
ā
 
un 
 
in 
 
an 
 
aw 
 
ay 
 
 voweless
 
ū
 
ī 
 
ā
 
u
 
i
 
a
 
ﺏ ﺏ ﺏ
 bba, bbi,bbu 
 
ā
 
 ﺂﺑ
 
ā
ﺏ
 
bun 
ﹴﺏ
 
bin 
ﺎ ﺑ
 
ban 
 ﺑﻮ 
 
baw 
 
 ﺑﻲ 
 
bay 
 
ﺏ
 
b' 
ﻮﺑ
 
ū
 
 
ī 
 
ﺎﺑ
 
ā
 
ﺏ
 
bu 
ﹺﺏ
 
bi 
ﺏ
 
ba 
ٌﺀﺎـﺑ
ā
'
un
ﺏ
 
 
 
2
©
Mourad Diouri I e-Arabic.com | Centre for the Advanced Study of the Arab World (CASAW)
 
|

 
 
 
Universities of Edinburgh, Durham & Manchester
Shadda with the three short vowels(doubleconsonant)With Alif
Maqs
ū
raWithAlifMadTanween (double vowel)Damma Kasra FathaDiphthong(aw)
 
(ay)Suk 
ū
n(voweless)Long VowelW
ā
w
ā
’ Alif
 
Short VowelDammaKasra Fatha
 
Name Letter
ﺃ ﱢﺃ ﱠﺃ
 
ﻯﺃ
 
ﺁ 
 
ﺃ
 
 ٌﺃ
 
ﹴ
 
ًﺃ
 
ﹾ ﻭﺃ
 
ﹾﻱﺃ
 
ْﺃ
 
 ﻭﺃ
 
ﻱﺇ
 
ﺁ 
 
ُﺃ
 
ﹺ
 
َﺃ
 
ﺃ ﻒـﻟ
Alif
 
ﺃ
 
ﺏ ﺏ ﺏ
 
ﺂﺑﺏ
 
ﹴﺏ
 
ﺎﺑ
 
ﺑﹾ ﻮ 
 
ﺑﹾﻲ 
 
ﺏ
 
 ﻮﺑ
 
 
ﺎﺑ
 
ﺏ
 
ﹺﺏ
 
ﺏ
 
 ﺀﺎـﺑ
B
ā
'
ﺏ
ﺕ ﺕ ﺕ
 
ﻰﺗ
 
ﺂﺗﺕ
 
ﺕ
 
ﺎﺗ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺗ
 
ﹾﻲﺗ
 
ﺕ
 
 ﻮﺗ
 
 
ﺎﺗ
 
ﺕ
 
ﺕِﺕ
 
 ﺀﺎـﺗ
T
ā
ﺕ
 
ﺙ ﺙ ﺙ
 
ﻰﺛ
 
ﺂﺛ
 
 ﺙ
 
ﺙ
 
ﺎﺛ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺛ
 
ﺛﹾﻲ 
 
ﺙ
 
 ﻮﺛ
 
ﻲﺛ
 
ﺎﺛ
 
ﺙ
 
ﺙ
 
ﺙ
 
 ﺀﺎـﺛ
Tha’
 
ﺙ
 
ﺝ ﺝ ﺝ
 
ﻰﺟ
 
ﺂﺟ
 
 ﺝ
 
ﹴﺝ
 
ﺎﺟ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺟ
 
ﹾﻲﺟ
 
ﺝ
 
 ﻮﺟ
 
ﻴﺟﺲ 
 
ﺎﺟ
 
ﺝ
 
ﹺﺝ
 
ﺝ
 
ﺟﻢﻴ 
 
J
 ī 
m
 
ﺝ
 
ﺡﺡ ﺡ
 
ﻰﺣ
 
ﺂﺣ
 
 ﺡ
 
ﹴﺡ
 
ﺎﺣ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺣ
 
ﹾﻲﺣ
 
ﺡ
 
 ﻮﺣ
 
ﻲﺣ
 
ﺎﺣ
 
ﺡ
 
ﹺﺡ
 
ﺡ
 
 ﺀﺎﺣ
H
ā
 
ﺡ
 
ﺥ ﺥ ﺥ
 
ﻰﺧ
 
ﺂﺧ
 
 ﺥ
 
ﹴﺥ
 
ﺎﺧ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺧ
 
ﹾﻲﺧ
 
ﺥ
 
 ﻮﺧ
 
ﻲﺧ
 
ﺎﺧ
 
ﺥ
 
ﹺﺥ
 
ﺥ
 
 ﺀﺎﺧ
Kh
ā
 
ﺥ
 
ﺩ ﺩ ﺩ
 
ﻯﺩ
 
ﺁﺩ
 
 ﺩ
 
ﺩ
 
ﺍﺩ
 
ﹾ ﻭﺩ
 
ﹾﻱﺩ
 
ﺩ
 
 ﻭﺩ
 
ﻱﺩ
 
ﺍﺩ
 
ﺩ
 
ﺩ
 
ﺩ
 
 ﻝﺍﺩ
D
ā
l
 
ﺩ
 
ﺫ ﺫ ﺫ
 
ﻯﺫ
 
ﺁﺫ
 
 ﺫ
 
ﺫ
 
ﺍﺫ
 
ﹾ ﻭﺫ
 
ﹾﻱﺫ
 
ﺫ
 
 ﻭﺫ
 
ﻱﺫ
 
ﺍﺫ
 
ﺫ
 
ﺫ
 
ﺫ
 
 ﻝﺍﺫ
dh
ā
l
 
ﺫ
 
 
 
3
©
Mourad Diouri I e-Arabic.com | Centre for the Advanced Study of the Arab World (CASAW)
 
|

 
 
 
Universities of Edinburgh, Durham & Manchester
 ﺭ  ﺭ  ﺭ
 
ﻯﺭ
 
ﺁﺭ
 
  ﺭ
 
ﹴ ﺭ
 
ﺍ ﺭ
 
ﹾ ﻭ ﺭ
 
ﹾﻱ ﺭ
 
 ﺭ
 
 ﻭﺭ
 
ﻱﺭ
 
ﺍﺭ
 
 ﺭ
 
ﹺ ﺭ
 
 ﺭ
 
 ﺀﺍﺭ
R
ā
 
 ﺭ
 
 ﺯ  ﺯ  ﺯ
 
ﻯﺯ
 
ﺁﺯ
 
  ﺯ
 
ﹴ ﺯ
 
ﺍ ﺯ
 
ﹾ ﻭ ﺯ
 
ﹾﻱ ﺯ
 
 ﺯ
 
 ﻭﺯ
 
ﻱﺯ
 
ﺍﺯ
 
 ﺯ
 
ﹺ ﺯ
 
 ﺯ
 
 ﹲﻱﺍﺯ
Z
ā
 y
 
 ﺯ
 
ﺱ ﺱ ﺱ
 
ﻰﺳ
 
ﺂﺳ
 
 ﺱ
 
ﹴﺱ
 
ﺎﺳ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺳ
 
ﹾﻲﺳ
 
ﺱ
 
 ﻮﺳ
 
ﻲﺳ
 
ﺎﺳ
 
ﺱ
 
ﹺﺱ
 
ﺱ
 
 ﲔﺳ
s
 ī 
n
 
ﺱ
 
ﺵ ﺵﺵ
 
ﻰﺷ
 
ﺂﺷ
 
 ﺵ
 
ﹴﺵ
 
ﺎﺷ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺷ
 
ﹾﻲﺷ
 
ﺵ
 
 ﻮﺷ
 
ﻲﺷ
 
ﺎﺷ
 
ﺵ
 
ﹺﺵ
 
ﺵ
 
 ﲔﺷ
sh
 ī 
n
 
ﺵ
 
ﺹ ﺹ ﺹ
 
ﻰﺻ
 
ﺂﺻ
 
 ﺹ
 
ﹴﺹ
 
ﺎﺻ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺻ
 
ﹾﻲﺻ
 
ﺹ
 
 ﻮﺻ
 
ﻲﺻ
 
ﺎﺻ
 
ﺹ
 
ﹺﺹ
 
ﺹ
 
 ﺩﺎﺻ
S
ā
d
 
ﺹ
 
ﺽ ﺽ ﺽ
 
ﻰﺿ
 
ﺂﺿ
 
 ﺽ
 
ﹴﺽ
 
ﺎﺿ
 
ﹾ ﻮﺿ
 
ﹾﻲﺿ
 
ﺽ
 
 ﻮﺿ
 
ﻲﺿ
 
ﺎﺿ
 
ﺽ
 
ﹺﺽ
 
ﺽ
 
 ﺩﺎﺿ
D
ā
d
 
ﺽ
 
ﻁ ﻁ ﻁ
 
ﻰﻃ
 
ﺂﻃ
 
 ﻁ
 
ﻁ
 
ﺎﻃ
 
ﹾ ﻮﻃ
 
ﹾﻲﻃ
 
ﻁ
 
 ﻮﻃ
 
ﻲﻃ
 
ﺎﻃ
 
ﻁ
 
ﻁ
 
ﻁ
 
 ﺀﺎﻃ
T
ā
 
ﻁ
 
ﻅ ﻅ ﻅ
 
ﻰﻇ
 
ﺂﻇ
 
 ﻅ
 
ﻅ
 
ﺎﻇ
 
ﹾ ﻮﻇ
 
ﹾﻲﻇ
 
ﻅ
 
 ﻮﻇ
 
ﻲﻇ
 
ﺎﻇ
 
ﻅ
 
ﻅ
 
ﻅ
 
 ﺀﺎﻇ
DH
ā
 
ﻅ
 
ﻉ ﻉ ﻉ
 
ﻰﻋ
 
ﺂﻋ
 
 ﻉ
 
ﹴﻉ
 
ﺎﻋ
 
ﹾ ﻮﻋ
 
ﹾﻲﻋ
 
ﻉ
 
 ﻮﻋ
 
ﻲﻋ
 
ﺎﻋ
 
ﻉ
 
ﹺﻉ
 
ﻉ
 
 ﻦـﻴﻋ
c
ayn
 
ﻉ
 
ﻍ ﻍ ﻍ
 
ﻰﻏ
 
ﺂﻏ
 
 ﻍ
 
ﹴﻍ
 
ﺎﻏ
 
ﹾ ﻮﻏ
 
ﹾﻲﻏ
 
ﻍ
 
 ﻮﻏ
 
ﻲﻏ
 
ﺎﻏ
 
ﻍ
 
ﹺﻍ
 
ﻍ
 
 ﻦـﹾﻴﻏ
ġ
hayn
 
ﻍ
 
ﻑ ﻑ ﻑ
 
 
ﺂﻓ
 
 ﻑ
 
ﻑ
 
ﺎﻓ
 
ﹾ ﻮﻓ
 
ﹾﻲـﻓ
 
ﻑ
 
 ﻮﻓ
 
 
ﺎﻓ
 
ﻑ
 
ﻑ
 
ﻑ
 
 ﺀﺎﻓ
F
ā
 
ﻑ
 

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