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Therapeutic Diets in the Horse

Therapeutic Diets in the Horse

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Published by muhammad rodhy

Metabolic problems in the horse :obesity,
cushings/metabolic syndrome,EPSM
feeding the older horse, feeding the thin
horse,, HYPP, EMND/EDM,
hypertryglyceridemia,
liver and kidney disease.

Metabolic problems in the horse :obesity,
cushings/metabolic syndrome,EPSM
feeding the older horse, feeding the thin
horse,, HYPP, EMND/EDM,
hypertryglyceridemia,
liver and kidney disease.

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Categories:Types, Presentations
Published by: muhammad rodhy on Jan 30, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/08/2015

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Therapeutic Diets in the HorseTherapeutic Diets in the Horse
By Dee DiPieroBy Dee DiPiero
Therapeutic Diets in HorsesTherapeutic Diets in Horses
FoalsFoals
Metabolic problems in the horseMetabolic problems in the horse:obesity, :obesity, cushings/metabolic syndrome,EPSM cushings/metabolic syndrome,EPSM feeding the older horse, feeding the thin feeding the older horse, feeding the thin horse,, HYPP, EMND/EDM, horse,, HYPP, EMND/EDM, hypertryglyceridemia,hypertryglyceridemia,liver and kidney disease.liver and kidney disease.
Functional nutritional problems in the horseFunctional nutritional problems in the horse: : feeding the horse with colitis or after large feeding the horse with colitis or after large colon removal ,tube feeding a horse, colon removal ,tube feeding a horse, parenteral nutrition.parenteral nutrition.
 
The Newborn FoalThe Newborn Foal
Newborn foals have an intact immune Newborn foals have an intact immune system with no circulating antibodies.system with no circulating antibodies.
The foal absorbs intact antibodies during the The foal absorbs intact antibodies during the first 24hours of life from the colostrum.first 24hours of life from the colostrum.
 A foal that does not receive enough  A foal that does not receive enough colostrum or is septic, will have limited colostrum or is septic, will have limited immunoglobulins (antibodies).immunoglobulins (antibodies).
Colostrometer Colostrometer 
Colostrometer from Colostrometer from Lane ManufacturingLane Manufacturing
Good quality colostrum Good quality colostrum is above 1.060is above 1.060
Colostrum can be Colostrum can be frozen for up to a year frozen for up to a year 
   s   s   p   p   e   e   n   n   d   d   h   h   o   o   u   u  r  r
 
2
DiarrheaDiarrhea
 
3
The Sugar in MilkThe Sugar in Milk
lactoseglucosegalactoselactase is enzyme needed
FoalFoal--6 months6 months
HAYHAYGRAINGRAINTYPE OF TYPE OF PELLETS PELLETS  AGE AGE1 to 1 ½1 to 1 ½GrainGrainstopstop6 months6 months1 to 1 ½1 to 1 ½flakeflakeCreep Creep feed 16feed 16--18% CP18% CPstopstop4 months4 months¼ to 1/2 ¼ to 1/2 flakeflakenonenoneMilk Milk pelletspellets2 weeks 2 weeks to 2 to 2 monthsmonths
Human NutritionHuman Nutrition
To calculate calories:To calculate calories:
ideal weight (kg) x 22ideal weight (kg) x 22--44Kcal/kg44Kcal/kg--body body weight.weight.
ideal weight (lbs.) x ideal weight (lbs.) x 1010--20Kcal/Lb20Kcal/Lb--body body weight.weight.
Equine NutritionEquine Nutrition
The majority of the diet The majority of the diet is complex, is complex, fermentable, fermentable, carbohydratescarbohydrates
1 Mcal=1000Kcal1 Mcal=1000Kcal
basal req.=30basal req.=30--40Kcal/kg40Kcal/kg
Performance Horse’s Total Amount Performance Horse’s Total Amount Consumed/day as a percent of their Consumed/day as a percent of their body weightbody weight
LayLay--up, idle Horsesup, idle Horses1 ½% to 2% (151 ½% to 2% (15--20lbs/1,000lbs)20lbs/1,000lbs)
Light Work 9up to 1hr/day)Light Work 9up to 1hr/day)2% to 2 ½% (202% to 2 ½% (20--25lbs/1,000lbs)25lbs/1,000lbs)
Moderate Work (1Moderate Work (1--3hrs/day)3hrs/day)2 ½% to 3% (25lbs2 ½% to 3% (25lbs--30lbs/1,000lbs)30lbs/1,000lbs)
Intense work (3+ hrs/day)Intense work (3+ hrs/day)3% to 3 ½% (303% to 3 ½% (30--35lbs/1,000lbs/day)35lbs/1,000lbs/day)
Calculating Mcal and the Calculating Mcal and the determination of an adequate diet.determination of an adequate diet.
Find out what kind of hay is fed and how much. A Find out what kind of hay is fed and how much. A pound of hay has about 1 Mcal. A flake of hay is 3pound of hay has about 1 Mcal. A flake of hay is 3--5 pounds5 pounds
Find out what kind of grain is fed and how much. Find out what kind of grain is fed and how much. Do not be afraid to weigh the grain fed and look at Do not be afraid to weigh the grain fed and look at feed tag. A pound of grain has about 1.3Mcal.feed tag. A pound of grain has about 1.3Mcal.
pasturepasture
Don’t forget about supplementsDon’t forget about supplements
Water and the salt block with trace minerals.Water and the salt block with trace minerals.

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