Thus, countries and regions are the main population reference of energy con-sumption and greenhouse gas emissions in available studies. However, the micro-social approach is becoming more widely considered for general social research. Inthe arena ofpopulation studies,thedevelopment ofthis lineofresearchis emerging.To conduct a study with a micro-social approach, a first consideration is thathumans consume energy both individually and in groups, depending upon their daily activities. In that sense, domestic space intimacy is an ideal place to see first-hand population attitudes and energy consumption practices.To conduct a study, as presented in this paper, that utilizes a micro-socialapproach and analyzes activities taking place in the domestic space has both its pros and cons. The main advantage we have for this work is that there are varioussources of information for Mexico where the analysis unit is households. Amongthese are income and spending surveys. The most notable disadvantage is the lack of information sources about energy consumption that would allow us to captureattitudes and practices surrounding daily life analysis.Household energy consumption is related to daily activities such as cooking,hot water use, and home lighting. It also is linked to the supply of goods and services and the transport of household members.
Although it is important tostudy energy use linked to both sources, in this article we focus on energy con-sumption arising from everyday activities within households. It should be noted that it is somewhat more difficult to estimate energy consumption for household member transport and the provision of goods and services.To explain consumption from a macroeconomic perspective, various theoriesfocus on household income. The propensity to consume depends on household disposable income at a moment along a time line.
But it depends, too, on long-term expected income and thus involving loan financing probabilities.
Other theories suggest that the propensity for household consumption is de-termined not only by income but by sociocultural elements, which must also comeinto consideration. For example, there is a social comparison effect that exists between members of the same socioeconomic environment.
Because disposable income varies according to the social mobility possibilitiesof individuals and their needs along the life cycle, A. Ando and F. Modiglianisuggest that household consumption is determined by income evolution.
Under this view, the propensity to consume also involves household factors, such as ageof household head, assets accumulated, and more than one income earner.
The microeconomic approach addresses the fact that households are not a ho-mogeneous unit. It is recognized that there is a dynamic within each household leading to its own style of consumption. Therefore, the propensity to consumeinvolves individual preferences, the interaction of household members in decisionmaking, and internal household income distribution.
In summary, although income is the main determinant of household con-sumption, it also is mediated by other factors. Some of these factors are individualTHE JOURNAL OF ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT190