Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Does the human body rust?

Does the human body rust?



|Views: 2,850 |Likes:
Published by alphaheath
Oxidation results in problems for the human body.
Oxidation results in problems for the human body.

More info:

Published by: alphaheath on Feb 04, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Does the human body rust?
That may seem like a strange question, but it’s not. The body doesoxidize which means it rusts [for example this oxidation over timeresults in wrinkles]. The body rusts very much like a garden rake or abicycle that is left outside and unprotected from moisture (rain, fog,drizzle). Rust develops because the oxygen in the air combines with themetal on the rake or bicycle. This process is called oxidation.This ‘rusting’ process happens every hour of every day in the humanbody. It does not matter what we do or where we are. Oxidation is arequired to supply the body with energy from the food we eat. However,there are dangerous or harmful effects from oxidation.
Oxygen is Good & Bad
Oxygen is used by the body to supply energy to our cells. But, oxygenis a corrosive gas. A byproduct of this oxidation process is the productionof ‘free radicals’. These ‘free radicals’ can create havoc with all the body’ssystems. Over time our cells’ natural defense system against freeradicals breaks down.Eat, breathe, perform any movement and ‘free radicals’ are formed. Innormal metabolism an oxygen molecule loses an electron to anothermolecule. The oxygen with the missing electron is the ‘free radical’.This molecule is unstable. The unstable molecule attaches itself to astable molecule in search of an electron. The ‘free radical’ steals anelectron from the stable molecule. When the stable molecule losses it’selectron it becomes a ‘free radical’. This process is repeated constantlyand begins a chain reaction that never ends. Ever play PAC-MAN?Remember when the PAC-MAN attacked it removed a piece from yourcharacter. It changed the shape. This is what happens to the individualscells of your body with a free radical is formed. The shape is changed.This change in shape might limit the function of the cell, cause the cell todie or even mutate into a cancer cell.
What does the body do to protect itself?
The body is an amazing instrument. It has built in systems to balancefree radicals. The system is not perfect and the balance can bedisrupted. Once that balance is lost and more free radicals are
produced than the body can balance, the body becomes damaged. Acascade begins much like a row of dominos that falls. The constantbombardment by free radicals leads to cell damage. Cell damage buildsto tissue damage. Accumulation of tissue damage leads to organ damage.Not all free radicals are bad. The human immune system releases freeradicals to kill foreign invaders and reduce inflammation. This is a casewhere the toxic power of oxygen is a huge benefit.Damage from free radicals is continuous and constant. When a freeradical interacts with a cell membrane, it damages the cell. The humanbody is composed of billions and billions of cells that are being attacked bybillions of free radicals.
What types of cells are attacked by free radicals?
Muscles, organs, hormones and enzymes are composed of proteins.Proteins are vital for building and repairing the body. They are essentialfor human life. Proteins can be altered by the free radicals. An enzymethat becomes damaged by free radicals could cease to function or functionat a reduced capacity. Enzymes perform multiple functions. One functionis to build and repairs cells and tissues. A second function involvesdigestion of food through a variety of chemical reactions. This allowsfoods to be broken down into basic building materials [amino acids] to beused by the billions and billions of cells that compose the human body.You’ve seen how attack by free radicals can change the shape and therebythe function of enzymes. DNA is very susceptible to attack by freeradicals. DNA supplies the plans or blueprint for each cell’s construction.DNA is necessary for the reproduction of each cell. Bombardment of DNAby free radicals can lead to cell destruction. This damage means a cell willnot be able to differentiate. A heart cell becomes generic and fails tosupport the heart. Another option when DNA is damaged the uncheckedgrowth. This type of cell growth produces non functional cells; createscompetition for nutrients and these excess cells can break out andmetastasize to another area.Free radicals can change the shape and function of cells. Free radicalscan split molecules and destroy cells. Free radicals can do damage bybinding molecules together that under normal circumstances wouldnot be linked. An example would be proteins that become cross linked.

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Dinh Vu Tran liked this
Richard Warwick liked this
yasav liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->