The Holography TimesVol. 7, Issue 22
Purpose of the identity document
An identity document has a number of purposes; -
Proof of identity:
These days, persons are asked to prove their identity when dealing with a Bank, entering a restricted area or completing an important transactions such as buying a house etc. etc. They have no need for a travel document and only need a trustworthy identity document for domestic use. For example an identity card, PAN Card, driving license, social security card, AADHAR card or medicare card. -
Facilitation of travel:
A trustworthy identiication document facilitates international travel because it provides a proven means for identiication purpose and guarantees the return of the bearer to a designated place. -
Proof of Nationality:
A travel document not only certiied the nationality of the holder, but also indicates whether the holder has the right to return to the issuing country or his place of domicile, through a visa label or a stamp in the document.
Common identity documents
An identity card is a generic term for various cards types such as social security cards, citizen’s cards, resident cards and driving licenses. These can be classiied into Travel Document or Document used for Domestic purpose. Travel Documents: Travel document are documents intended for international travel, such as passports and certiicates of identity, normally come in the shape of a booklet which can include a visa sticker and the conditions of stay laid down by the immigration authorities of the receiving country or region.
These type of document are mainly intended for various purpose within the country of origin. Such as Permanent Account Number (PAN Card), Driving License, Voter ID card etc. etc.
Challenges concerning identity documents
Due to their importance, identity documents are a continuous subject of fraudulent and criminal activities. These include forged and false documents, false identity and impersonation and human traficking. i.
Forged and false documents:
Identity theft and ID counterfeiting are among the fastest growing types of crime, especially in highly industrialized countries. According to FBI statistics, it is the fastest growing crime in USA. The Federal Trade Commission estimates that as many as 9 million Americans have their identities stolen each year. Indeed, just to highlight the size of the problem, in April 2012 the European Parliament estimated that of the 6.5 million bio-metric passports in circulation in France between 500,000 and one million are ‘false’ having been obtained using counterfeit documents. In most cases, the targets are government - issued documents such as passports, driver’s licenses, or national ID cards.ii.
How ID are copied/faked:
According to various Organization, common examples of forged and false documents include; - Counterfeit identity documents that emulate the
“The Federal Trade Commission estimates that as many as 9 million Americans have their identities stolen each year.”