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Brittle Power_ Energy Strategy for National Security-Rocky Mountain Institute (2001)

Brittle Power_ Energy Strategy for National Security-Rocky Mountain Institute (2001)

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Energy strategy
Energy strategy

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10/24/2014

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BRITTLE
POWER
 Energy Strategy for National Security
“Americans do not need to be told how frequently ‘thingsdon’t work’. Few … however, realize
 how vulnerable the nation-al energy system has become …
This book explains that vividly.”
—Foreign Affairs
Amory B. LovinsL. Hunter Lovins
 
Published by Brick House Publishing Co., Inc.
34 Essex StreetAndover, Massachusetts
Production Credits:
Editor:
 Jack Howell 
Edited by
Nancy Irwin 
Designed and Produced by
 Mike Fender 
Typeset in new Baskerville and Caslon 540 by
dnh Typesetting,
Cambridge, MassachusettsPrinted by Book Press; Brattleboro, Vermont
New edition copyright 
©
2001 by Rocky Mountain Institute
Copyright
©
1982 by Amory B. Lovins and L. Hunter LovinsAll rights reservedNo part of this book may be reproduced in any form withoutthe written permission of the publisher.
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data 
Lovins, Amory B., 1947–Brittle power.Bibliography: p.Includes index.1. Energy policy—United States. 2. UnitedStates—National security. I. Lovins, L.Hunter. 11. Title.HD9502.U52L67 1982333.79097382-4159ISBN 0-931790-28-XAACR2ISBN 0-931790-49-2 pbk.
Printed in the United States of America 
 
v
Foreword 
Admiral Thomas H. Moorer and R. James Woolsey
ix
 Acknowledgments 
xiPART ONE: BRITTLE POWER
Chapter One 
 National Energy Insecurity 
How did we become so vulnerable?
2
Purpose and scope
4
Organization
8
Chapter Two 
What Can Go Wrong? 
10
Natural events
10
Deliberate actions
14
Mistakes
15
Command, control, and communications disruptions
16
Chapter Three 
How Systems Fail 
19
Complexity
19
Many failures from one source
20
Unpredictable interactions
22
Tracing higher-order consequences: an illustration
25
Surprises
27
Chapter Four 
What Makes the Energy System Vulnerable? 
30
Dangerous materials
31
Limited public acceptance
33
Centralization of supplies
34
Long haul distances
35
Limited substitutability
36
Continuity and synchronism in grids
38
Inflexibilities of energy delivery systems
40
Interactions between energy systems
42
High capital intensity
43
Contents

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