The 2001 Editionof Pub. 151, Distances Between Ports, supersedes allprevious editions. Distances in this table are in nauticalmiles based on the International Nautical Mile of approximately 6,076.1 feet. Nautical miles may beconverted to statute miles of 5,280 feet by multiplying by1.15. (See conversion table at back of book). Thepositions listed for Ports are central positions that mostrepresent each port. The distances are between positionsshown for each port and are generally over routes thatafford the safest passage. Most of the distances representthe shortest navigable routes, but in some cases, longerroutes, that take advantage of favorable currents, havebeen used. In other cases, increased distances result fromroutesselectedtoavoidiceorotherdangerstonavigation,or to follow required separation schemes.
DeparturePorts are listed alphabetically with distances to arrivalPorts listed below them; distances to appropriate junctionpoints are also listed. Junction Points are additionallylocated in the alphabetical sequence with distances toother appropriate Junction Points listed below. GreatLakes distances are given in U.S. Coast Pilot 6.
It is impractical to give alldistances for every possible combination of Ports in thisvolume; therefore, the use of Junction Points greatlyincreasesthenumber of distancesthat maybeincludedbyaffording a means of connecting routes in adjacentoceans. In this book a Junction Point is a position wheremanyroutesconvergeandthroughwhichshipspasswhensailingfromonemajorareaintoanother.Forexample,theJunction Point for routes from the Atlantic into theMediterranean is the Strait of Gibraltar. Junction Pointsused in this publication are shown on the chartlets in thefront part of the book.
Routes throughout the world aredescribedintheSailingDirectionsalongwithroutechartsfor the area of coverage. Articles on currents andmeteorology are also covered in these publications.Additionally, charts are available, such as Pilot Chartsand the NGA World Chart, Series 1145, which portrayocean routes worldwide. Any of these products may beused to assist the user in planning a voyage. A chartlet of basic ocean routes is included in the front of thispublication for quick reference.
To obtaindistances, find the departure port in the alphabeticallisting and select the desired arrival port and distancelisted below. In most cases, the distances from one port toanother and return are reciprocal, but in some cases, thedistances differ because different routes were used whichtake advantage of favorable currents or weather on one orboth of the routes. To obtain a distance over a route thatpasses through one or more Junction Points, it isnecessary to find and add distances for the two or moresections into which the route is divided.For example: New York to Colombo—Using theJunction Point chartlets at the front of the book, locate allJunction Points between New York and Colombo.If the user wishes to know the westbound routebecause of enroute cargo commitments, or which route isshorter—proceed as follows:
Users arerequested to forward new or corrective information usefulin the correction of this publication to:MARITIME DIVISIONST D 44NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL-INTELLIGENCE AGENCY4600 SANGAMORE ROADBETHESDA, MARYLAND 20816-5003There are two: Strait of Gibraltar andPort Said.Find New York in the Distance Table: Page 69Under Junction Points, locate —Strait of Gibraltar............. 3,180 milesFind Strait of Gibraltar in the Distance Table:Page 108Under Junction Points, locate —Port Said, Arab Republic of Egypt................................ 1,943 milesFind Port Said in the Distance Table: Page 85Under Ports, locate —Colombo, Sri Lanka.......... 3,481 milesTotal Nautical Miles........ 8,604New York to Panama........... 2,016Panama to Singapore........... 10,505Singapore to Colombo.......... 1,581Total Nautical Miles........... 14,102