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93014520 Understanding the 2003 United States Iraq Invasion a Study of Level Analysis

93014520 Understanding the 2003 United States Iraq Invasion a Study of Level Analysis

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Published by Mihaela Ciucă
Understanding the 2003 United States Iraq Invasion a Study of Level Analysis
Understanding the 2003 United States Iraq Invasion a Study of Level Analysis

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Published by: Mihaela Ciucă on Feb 01, 2014
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Understanding the 2003United States-Iraq Invasion: A Study of Level Analysis
By
 Nofia Fitri
 
2
I.Introductio
Within his very famous-controversial book 
“Hegemony or Survival”
Chomsky hasquoted from one of the Americancolumnists Patrick Tyler. Tyler wrote
“they may
still be two superpowers on the planet: the United States(US)meaning state power
and world public opinion.”
1
Thisstatementpublished inthe
 New York Times
at 17 of February2003, one year afterGeorge W. Bushthrough hisAmericanpresidentspeechgave a labeledfor
Iraq as a member of “Axis of Evil” along with North Korea
and Iran.
2
Afterwards,the USvice president, Dick Ceney announcedthat Iraqi leaderSaddam Hussein was seeking weapons of mass destruction(WMD)to dominate theMiddle East and threaten U.S. oil supplies.
3
The statement of Tylerhasreflectedtwo things which are related withIraq-USrelations, especially when we focus onthe 2003USinvasionof Iraq. They are:howUS used its position asa superpowercountry to judge any country, andhow UScreated the public opinion through
their enactment “Iraq Liberation Day
.
The USinvasion of Iraqon 20 March 2003was startedasUShasreasons for the invasion,wereto disarmIraqofWMD, to endSaddam Hussein'ssupport for terrorism, and tofree the Iraqi people.
As Bush warned “
Saddam Hussein could resume his ambitionsof conquest in the Middle East and create deadly havoc in the regionwith nucleararms and biological weapons
.”
4
1
Noam Chomsky (2003).
 Hegemony or Survival: America’s Quest for Global Dominance
.New York: Metropolitan Book. p. 4.
2
Before Bush, one of the very famous American President Ronald Reagan did the same thing,
a very interest political action to labeled Uni Soviet as “the Evil Empire.”
3
Vice President Speaks at VFW 103d National Convention,” August 26, 2002; and “VicePresident Honors Veterans of Korean War,” August 29, 2002. Available on the White Ho
use web site
at [http://www.whitehouse.gov] under “News.”
4
Ibid.
 
3Afterward theUS claimedthatIraq failedto providean adequate accounting of itsprohibited weapons programsor to convince UN inspectors that its weapons of massdestruction had been destroyed as Baghdad claimed.
5
However as the respond of USclaimed of Iraq Nuclear Weapon, Mohamed ElBaradei, director general of theInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said he had been "pretty convinced"that Iraq had not resumed its nuclear weapons program, which the IAEA dismantledin 1997.
6
It was mean thateven the international world have a different perspectivesof Iraq.Thus
the US invasion didn’t accept by international community even United Nations
itself. This invasion seems more state interest rather than focused on the severalreasons that US announced. There were many speculations up to the deeper researchthat had been made by scholars to understand the causes of US invasion. There weremany issues like military ambitions for global hegemony, economic reasons, regionalpolitics, and the American p
resident’s war ambition
to against terrorism, shaped asaBush Doctrine.The Bush doctrine and the National Security Strategy in 2002 wereformulated in response to the 9 September(9/11)attacks.The 9/11 terrorist attackson US is an important event to understand the Invasion of Iraq. Even though Iraq wasnot involved to that attack, Bush had claim that Saddam Hussein was linked to Al-Qaida and was actively developing WMD. Some scholars see that 9/11 was a newera of global politics which is not only change the foreign policy of US but also haschanged the global concern on terrorism issues.
5
The UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1441 in November 2002 to giving Iraq a “finalopportunity” to comply with its disarmament requirements under previous Security Council
resolutions.
6
Iraq War was not Justified: UN Weapons Expert Say,Monday, March 22, 2004 Posted: 1:34.www.cnn.com

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