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P. 1
Contrast Clauses

Contrast Clauses

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Published by saruchi78

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Published by: saruchi78 on Feb 01, 2014
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02/02/2014

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6LContrast
:
although,
even
though, though'
in
spite of'despite,
while,
whereas, however
we
can
use
although
and.
even
thoughto
introduce
a
contrast.
After although
and-
even
thoughwe use
a
clause,
with
a
subject and
a
verb'AIthoughshed.oesn,tenjoylrcrjob,sheworkshard.
She
passed.
the
exam,
although
she
hadn't
studied
for
it'
Ev
en
though
they
w
er
e
late,
theg
didn'
t
hurry'
Even
thoughis
more
emphalic
Lhan
although'We
can
use
thoughi¡stead
of.
although,especially
in
a
more
informal
styie'Though
they
were
late,
theg
didn'
t
hurry
We
also
use
though,to mean
'however'
(see 5
below)
at
the
end of
a
sentence'
The
room
is very
small'
It's
quite
comfortable
though'
we
can
use
in
spite
of
or
d.espiteto
talk
about confrast.
After
in
spite
of
ldespite
we
can use
a
noun,
or
an
-ing
form.
In
spite
of tlrc
bad
weather, we
went
out
for
a
walk'
D
esp
ite
being
late,
theY
üdn' t hurrY'
We
also
say
in
spite
of
ldespite
the
t'act
(that)
'
'
"
In
spite
of
the
fact
that
the
weather
was
bad',
we
w-ent
out
for
a
waTk'
fney
atan
t
hurry
d.espite the
fact
that
they
were
late'
I
'
Compare in
spíte
of
ld'esprte and'
although:
In
spite
of the
rainlDespite
tLte
rqin,
we
I
Although itwas rainirug'
we startedto
started.
to
play
tennis.
i
pLuy
tenrus'
We
can introd.uce
a
contrast between
two
id'eas
using while
and'
whereas'
He
is
quiet
and'
shy,
whilelwhereas
his
sister
is
lively
and
talkative'We
can
also express
a
contrast by using the
adverb
howeverwith
two
sentences'
she
said.
sL.Le
didn,t
want to change
her
job.
However,
she
may
change
lur
mind'
4
E)GRCISE
161A
Rephrase
the
sentences
beginning
with
ihe
words in
brachets.Example:
She
has
plenty
of
money,
but
she is
very mean'
(although)
Although
she has
plenty
oJ
money,
she
is
very
mean'
They
have
a
car,
but
they rareiy
use
it'
(though)
He was
innocent,
but
he was sent to
prison'(although)
ü"
hut
a
number
of
relatives
living
nearby'
but
he
never visits
them.
(even
though)
She
never
takes
any
kind
of exercise,
but
sheis
quite
fii
and
healthy'
(even
though)
a
J
4
245
 
118
but, although
and
in
sPite
of
but
and
although
We
can
join
frvo
clauses
with
but:fAira¡t
was
crowded
,
but wefound
a
table
'
Sadieias
passed
her
test,
but
she
never
diues
'
We
can also use
although:
Atthough
the
café
was crowded,
wefound
a table'
althorrth
Sadii
has
passed
her
test,
slte
neuer driues
'
The
clause
with
although
can
also
come
after
the
main
clause:
We
found
a
table
,
although
the
café
was
crowded
'
tÍlough
and
even
though
Though
is
informal.
It
means
the
same
as
although:Tíough/Atthougb I
tiked
the su)eater)
I
didn't
buy
it'
Thoigh/Attltougtx
it
was
extremely
cold
'
Debbie
wasn't
weating
a
coat
'
-We can use
though
at
the
end
of
a
sentence:
I
liked
the sweatet.
I
didn't buy
it,
thouglt'
(=
Bot I
didn't buy
it')
Even
though
is
stronger,
more
emphatic than
although:
lef,tookld
quítefresi,
eaen thoug,h
he'd
just
run
a
marathon'
-íren
though
I
hate
Gary,
I
shall
try
to
be nice
to
him
'
in
spite
of
and
desPite
'W'e
use
in
spite ofbefore
a
noun
phrase
or
the
ing-form
of
a
verb:
Tomfett
perfectly
calm
in
sptite
of
the
danger
'
W,inatiy
surceeded
in
sTtite
of
all
the
dfficulties
'
I
canied
in
working
in
sqtite
of
not
feeling
well
'
They
always
seeflL-to
be
enjoying
thernselues
in
sytite
of
hauing
no money
'
.WeusedespiteinexactlythesamewayaSinspiteofandwiththesamemeaning:
He
was calru
despite
th'e
danger.
I
worked
desTtite
notfeeling well'
But
compare
in
spite of
and
although:
in
spite
of
I'm
no
better
in
sptite
of
the
PiIk
(on
ir
sqtite
of taking
the
Pilk)
'
sor@
Mark
is
making little
progress
in ryite
oJ
his hard
work
(ov-in
spñte
of working
hard).
Nor@
W'e
can use
in
spite
of the
fact
(that)
in
the
same
way
as
although:
I'm
no
better
in
spite of
thefact
that I'ue
taken
the
pills
'
Debbie
utasn,t
wearinf
a
coit ilesTite theJact
that
it
was
extremely
cold.
although
I'm
io
better,
although I'ue
taken
the
pills
'
Mark
is
makinglittle
progress,
althoughhe
works hard.
282

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