The plaintiffs argued that their rights under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42U.S.C. Section 2000e, and the 14thAmendment Equal Protection Clause wereviolated. The federal district court grantedthe defendants' motion for summary judgment.
On appeal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed. Itreasoned that the CSB, by refusing tocertify the results of the promotionalexam, was trying to fulfill its obligationsunder the rules utilized by the plaintiffs intheir argument and therefore was