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WH Question

WH Question

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Published by: risadianta on Sep 30, 2009
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03/23/2013

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Definition
 
 A wh-question is a question that contains aninterrogative pro-form.
 
Also known as:
 
Content question, question word question, information question
Examples (English)
 
Here are some examples of words that begin wh-questions in English. Most of them begin with
wh-: 
 
who
 
what 
 
when
 
where
 
why
 
how
 
Generic
A wh-question is a kind of 
Definition
 
Here are two senses of 
question: 
 1.A question is an illocutionary act that has adirective illocutionary point of  attempting to get the addressee to supply information. 2.A question is asentencetype that has a form (labeledinterrogative
 
)typically used to express an illocutionary act with the directive illocutionary point mentioned above. It may be actually so used (as adirect illocution),or used rhetorically.
Examples (English)
 
Here are some examples of sentences, ordered to illustrate the two senses of 
question 
above:
 
1.An illocutionary act that attempts to obtain information from an addressee
Tell me your name.
 
Give me your address.
 
2.Sentences with inverted word order orinterrogative pro-forms
What’s your name?
 
 Did you sleep well?
 
Definition
 
 A yes-no question is a question for which an answer of 
yes 
or
no 
is acceptable.
 
In some languages, a yes-no question is formally distinguished by features, such as
risingsentence-final intonation
 
a sentence-initial or sentence-final  particle 
verb morphology
a difference of word order, such as the placement of the verbcloser to the  beginning of the sentence than in the declarative sentence, and
an interrogativeclitic that attaches to the item in the sentence that is being questioned.
Wh- Questions
allow a speaker to find out more information about topics. They are as follows:When?
Where?Who?Why?How?What?
Time
PlacePersonReasonMannerObject/Idea/Action
Other words can also be used to inquire about specific information:Which (one)?
Whose?Whom?How much?How many?How long?How often?How far?What kind (of)?
Choice of alternatives
PossessionPerson (objective formal)Price, amount (non-count)Quantity (count)DurationFrequencyDistanceDescription
The "grammar" used with wh- questions depends on whether the topic being asked about isthe "subject" or "predicate" of a sentence. For the
subject 
pattern, simply replace the personor thing being asked about with the appropriate wh-word.(Someone has my baseball.)
(Something is bothering you.)
Who has my baseball?
What is bothering you?
For the
predicate 
pattern, wh- question formation depends on whether there is an "auxiliary"verb in the original sentence. Auxiliary or "helping" verbs are verbs that
precede 
main verbs. Auxiliary verbs are
italicized 
in the following sentences.I
can 
do it.They
are 
leaving.I
have 
eaten my lunch.I
should have 
finished my homework.To make a question using the
predicate 
pattern, first form a yes/no question by
inverting 
thesubject and (first)
auxiliary
verb. Then, add the appropriate wh- word to the beginning of thesentence.
 
(You will leave some time.)? will you leaveWhen will you leave?(He is doing something.)? is he doingWhat is he doing?(They have been somewhere.)? have they beenWhere have they been?If there is
no auxiliary
and the verb is "be,"
invert 
the subject and verb, then add theappropriate wh- word to the beginning of the sentence.(He is someone.)? is heWho is he?(The meeting was some time.)? was the meetingWhen was the meeting?If there is
no auxiliary
and the verb is not "be," add
do
to the beginning of the sentence.Then add the appropriate wh-question word. Be sure to "transfer" the tense and number fromthe
main 
verb to the word
do
.(You want something.)?
do 
you wantWhat do you want?(You
went 
somewhere.)?
did
you
go 
(
past tense 
)Where did you go?(She
likes 
something.)?
does
she
like 
(
third person -s 
)What does she like?

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