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rfc1192

rfc1192

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Published by: NickyNET on Feb 05, 2008
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06/14/2009

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Network Working Working Group B. Kahin, EditorRequest for Comments: 1192 HarvardNovember 1990Commercialization of the InternetSummary ReportStatus of this MemoThis memo is based on a workshop held by the Science, Technology andPublic Policy Program of the John F. Kennedy School of Government,Harvard University, March 1-3, 1990.This memo provides information for the Internet community. It doesnot specify any standard. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.Introduction"The networks of Stages 2 and 3 will be implemented and operated sothat they can become commercialized; industry will then be able tosupplant the government in supplying these network services." --Federal Research Internet Coordinating Committee, Program Plan forthe National Research and Education Network, May 23, 1989, pp. 4-5."The NREN should be the prototype of a new national informationinfrastructure which could be available to every home, office andfactory. Wherever information is used, from manufacturing to high-definition home video entertainment, and most particularly ineducation, the country will benefit from deployment of thistechnology.... The corresponding ease of inter-computercommunication will then provide the benefits associated with the NRENto the entire nation, improving the productivity of all information-handling activities. To achieve this end, the deployment of theStage 3 NREN will include a specific, structured process resulting intransition of the network from a government operation a commercialservice." -- Office of Science and Technology Policy, The FederalHigh Performance Computing Program, September 8, 1989, pp. 32, 35."The National Science Foundation shall, in cooperation with theDepartment of Defense, the Department of Energy, the Department ofCommerce, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, andother appropriate agencies, provide for the establishment of anational multi-gigabit-per-second research and education computernetwork by 1996, to be known as the National Research and EducationNetwork, which shall:(1) link government, industry, and the educationKahin [Page 1]
 
RFC 1192 Commercialization of the Internet November 1990community;....(6) be established in a manner which fosters andmaintains competition and private sector investment in highspeed data networking within the telecommunicationsindustry;....(8) be phased out when commercial networks can meet thenetworking needs of American researchers."-- S. 1067, 101st Congress, 2nd Session, as marked up April 3, 1990["High-Performance Computing Act of 1990"], Title II, Section 201.BackgroundThis report is based on a workshop held at the John F. Kennedy Schoolof Government, Harvard University March 1-3, 1990, by the HarvardScience, Technology and Public Policy Program. Sponsored by theNational Science Foundation and the U.S. Congress Office ofTechnology Assessment, the workshop was designed to explore theissues involved in the commercialization of the Internet, includingthe envisioned National Research and Education Network (NREN).Rather than recapitulate the discussion at the workshop, this reportattempts to synthesize the issues for the benefit of those notpresent at the workshop. It is intended for readers familiar withthe general landscape of the Internet, the NSFNET, and proposals andplans for the NREN.At the workshop, Stephen Wolff, Director of the NSF Division ofNetworking and Communications Research and Infrastructure,distinguished "commercialization" and "privatization" on the basis ofhis experience developing policy for the NSFNET. He definedcommercialization as permitting commercial users and providers toaccess and use Internet facilities and services and privatization asthe elimination of the federal role in providing or subsidizingnetwork services. In principle, privatization could be achieved byshifting the federal subsidy from network providers to users, thusspurring private sector investment in network services. Creation ofa market for private vendors would in turn defuse concerns aboutacceptable use and commercialization.Commercialization and PrivatizationCommercialization. In the past, many companies were connected to theold ARPANET when it was entirely underwritten by the federalgovernment. Now, corporate R&D facilities are already connected to,and are sometimes voting members of, mid-level networks. There aremail connections from the Internet to commercial services such asKahin [Page 2]

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