DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN
World War II inaugurated the vistas of democracy in the world. The genesis of Pakistan asan independent state was marked with the same trends. However, the booming democraticstate as envisaged by the Quaid soon fell into the hands of demagogues, feudals, elitistbureaucracy, under the aegis of the corrupt interest groups, all sorts of mafia and theinvisible foreign hands. Above all the military and the quasi-military rule strangled any hopeof democracy for the developing Pakistan. The deterioration got further impetus by the foulplay in the elections, stagnation of the political process by coup d` tats followed by themartial laws, sometimes in the name of Islam and other times in the name of modernism.The fault lines of democracy widened with the caricature of the constitution, corruption of the judiciary and violation of the human rights.The seeds of anti-democratic norms were sown , when on August 1947, Khan Sahib’sministry was dismissed along with M.A Khusroo’s dismissal on April 20,1948 in Sindh andFazal-ul-Haq’s in 1954 in East Pakistan, despite the fact that each government enjoyed amajority in the assemblies. However, the major blow to the democratic process was thebaffling re-shuffling of the minister ship thrice in a fortnight. Yet the gravest of all was theabrogation of the constitution for the first time on October 1958 by Iskander Mirza.The rough path of pseudo democracy brought a series of catastrophic incidents in the attireof AyubKhan’s failed federal-provincial policies, Zia’s grappling with the religion, Bhutto’sdemagogic rhetoric, Benazir’s conceited false claims and Nawaz Sharif’s cowardice. The pathwas further furnished by the sham democratic claims in the form of a uniformedunconstitutional president turning the whole nation topsy turvy to establish an illusionarydemocracy.The mockery of democracy could also be observed by the fact that the so called loyal, jingoistic politicians could not form a constitution for the first nine pivotal years of independence. The objective resolution of 1949 , the constitution of 1956 and 1962 , thattried to save the sinking political raft of dictatorship and martial law ended up in theseparation of Bangladesh. The gift of Bhutto to Pakistan in the form of 1973 constitutionwas a child’s play in the hands of the dictators, the 8th amendment LfO, the seventeenthamendment crumbled down any democratic signs that were left with country. Thesuccessful democratic countries like England and U.S live with the principle of separation of powers, elucidated in their constitution and protected by judiciary. On the contrary, Pakistanleaders devour every thing and any thing that they can lay their hands on and havelikewise, changed the constitution to suit their autocratic, plutocratic whims in such a waythat the constitution has been reduced to a legitimate protective covering for the illegitimateprocesses.