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CI Boom 2007

CI Boom 2007

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We continue to see many of the same old human errors repeated in other communities, leading to death, mayhem, destruction, and environmental disasters.

The only improvement I am seeing, is the quality of investigative reports. So long as companies may operate in defiance of safety standards, it does not matter how good those standards.
We continue to see many of the same old human errors repeated in other communities, leading to death, mayhem, destruction, and environmental disasters.

The only improvement I am seeing, is the quality of investigative reports. So long as companies may operate in defiance of safety standards, it does not matter how good those standards.

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Published by: Alister William Macintyre on Feb 03, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/21/2014

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1 Critical Infrastructure disasters 2007
 2/3/2014 11:12:14 AM
1Critical Infrastructure disasters 2007
Here is the main document: http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/Indy-Boom
Critical Infrastructure Disasters 2007
News etc. digested by
 Alister William Macintyre
 This document ( 
CI Boom2007
 ) lists info about a variety of critical infrastructure disasters, which were formerly included in a larger research document. I decided to split the disastertime line into smaller, digestible documents, keeping my notes on what more could be doneto mitigate such disasters in the main related document.
1
Last updated 2014Feb 02
Version1.42
Table of Contents, thru level
 3
Summary.....................................................................................................................1Notable CI disasters 2007...................................................................................................22007 Spain..................................................................................................................52007 May 01 NTSB report on Bergenfield NJ PSE&G.................................................5NTSB examines PSE&G pipe....................................................................................6American Tank Proceduresand Training...................................................................7PSE&G Standards.......................................................................................................8Relevant Government Standards.................................................................................8NJ Board of Public Utilities........................................................................................8U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration................................................9Federal Pipeline Safety Requirements........................................................................9Industry Guidance.....................................................................................................10Excess Flow Valves..................................................................................................10Bergenfield Fire Department Procedures and Training............................................11NTSB Recommendations..........................................................................................122007 Jun 14 Kingman KS NTSB report.......................................................................13Enterprise pipeline integrity standards......................................................................15Enterprise procedures for abnormal conditions........................................................15Enterprise post accident procedural repairs..............................................................18NTSB Recommendations..........................................................................................192007 July 17
 – 
 Baltimore Md...................................................................................202007 Sep 10
 – 
 Mexico..............................................................................................202007 Oct 7
 – 
 Sacramento Ca PG&E pipeline repair problem......................................20Pipelines- how parts can be criminally defective....................................................20Pipeline repair found defective parts........................................................................222007 Nov 01- Dixie Fire in Carmichael MS............................................................23Continued in more documents..........................................................................................23
Summary
Here’s my summary when I upload this time line installment to Scribd:
1
http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/Indy-Boom
 
2 Critical Infrastructure disasters 2007
 2/3/2014 11:12:14 AM
2Critical Infrastructure disasters 2007
Here is the main document: http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/Indy-Boom
6 Tags: fire, solutions, NTSB, incompetence, training lacking, leak,We continue to see many of the same old human errors repeated in other communities,leading to death, mayhem, destruction, and environmental disasters.The only improvement I am seeing, is the quality of investigatinve reports. So long ascompanies may operate in defiance of safety standards, it does not matter how good thosestandards.
Notable CI disasters 2007
Here is an incident time linesection of my notes on Critical Infrastructure (CI) disasters.I collect info about many disasters, see what they have in common, then consider whatimprovements could be made in efforts to mitigate risk of high damage in the next similarincident, or even reduce the frequency in which they occur. My overall analysis andmitigation evaluation is in a
 separate “parent”
document, from these incident time-linechunks.
2
 Scribd loses statistics when we change document name, so I kept the original
name “Indy Boom” because I first started lookin
g into this topic on the occasion of a gasexplosion which demolished a housing sub-division of Indianapolis. That incident turnedout to be deliberate sabotage for insurance fraud, which is not the typical cause of thesedisasters. There seem to be many causes, such as unintentional criminal negligence, alack of public education to get witnesses to promptly report leak odors and a lack of enforcement of national safety standards for companies mis-managing these dangerouschemicals.The events, in thistime line segment, occurred in:Mexico;Spain; USA. Incidents listedhere include:
 Bergenfield NJ
 had a gas line break, due to problems with a constructionproject at an apartment building which consequently exploded, killing severalresidents. The state of NJ had a safety process for making sure that constructionwork did not damage gas lines. As we walk thru the time line for this incident,we find problems implementing that process.
2005 Dec was when the disaster occurred.
2006 Nov authorities issuedcitations for safety violations, to theconstruction company and the gas company..
2007 May, the NTSB report was published.
There were errors in relevant records.
Because it was winter time, PSE&G could not shut off the gaswhich apartment residents used for heat, cooking, and hot water.Instead, the construction work should have been rescheduled in aseason when the gas could be shut off.
The construction work exposed the gas line to potential trouble,but at the end of day the construction crew, and PDE&G inspectorleft the situation at risk of getting worse, when they knocked off work at end of day.
2
http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/Indy-Boom
 
3 Critical Infrastructure disasters 2007
 2/3/2014 11:12:14 AM
3Critical Infrastructure disasters 2007
Here is the main document: http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/Indy-Boom
Next morning it took the construction crew 20 minutes torecognize there was an emergency, and call 911 and the gascompany. First responders arrived in 5 minutes, the gas companyin 25 minutes. The gas company needs faster response.
Despite strong evidence of a gas leak,
3
 first responders did notevacuate the building.
The good news is that there is strong evidence that lessons learnedfrom this incident have been communicated through training at thegas company, first responders throughout the state of NJ, and theconstruction company whose neglect triggered this disaster.
Companies often havemanuals for personnel spelling out how to deal withvarious crises, with good training to know that stuff. These guidelines start out inaccordance with industry standards and government regulations, both of whichchange over time. Someone at the companies needs to notice when the source of the guidelines evolves, and update their manuals and training accordingly.
Construction work scheduled, in the vicinity of a gas line, would normally call forthe gas to be shut off for safety, but this is impractical in the middle of winter. Sowhy not schedule the work during warmer weather?
Construction work, in vicinity of a gas line, with inadequate measures taken toprotect the gas line from mishaps.
Critical Infrastructure personnel have awesome duties, whether they work airtraffic control, operate nuclear power plants, orcontrol pipelines. They can beoverwhelmed with data and alarms. They need systems to manage the data andalarms wisely, such as color coding severity, and they need good training ininterpreting what the data is telling them. Many disasters occur for lack of thatsupport.
Industry standards exist, which if followed, can avoid disasters. But they are notalways followed.
 Kingman KS
 pipeline rupture: No one was killed or injured but 204 thousandgallons of anhydrous ammonia leaked into the environment. This accident cost$680,715 including $459,415 for environmental remediation.
1973, or later, construction damaged the pipeline.
2002-
2004 events … See PHMSA in this time line summary.
2004 Oct 27 the pipeline ruptured.
Because of the scale of this disaster, I have a lot of info in my timelines about what we have learned about the circumstances.
I include time line of this particular incident, and lots of otherrelated info, in time line 2000 thru 2006;
PHMSA Info.
PHMSA = US pipeline and Hazardous Materials SafetyAdministration. I include links to various PHMSA info, andsummarize what was in them.
3
 In addition to the tenant who smelled gas, and failed to report it, all of the construction crew smelled theleak, and also a local businessman, who called 911.

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