3 Critical Infrastructure disasters 2007
2/3/2014 11:12:14 AM
3Critical Infrastructure disasters 2007
Here is the main document: http://www.scribd.com/doc/114094060/Indy-Boom
Next morning it took the construction crew 20 minutes torecognize there was an emergency, and call 911 and the gascompany. First responders arrived in 5 minutes, the gas companyin 25 minutes. The gas company needs faster response.
Despite strong evidence of a gas leak,
first responders did notevacuate the building.
The good news is that there is strong evidence that lessons learnedfrom this incident have been communicated through training at thegas company, first responders throughout the state of NJ, and theconstruction company whose neglect triggered this disaster.
Companies often havemanuals for personnel spelling out how to deal withvarious crises, with good training to know that stuff. These guidelines start out inaccordance with industry standards and government regulations, both of whichchange over time. Someone at the companies needs to notice when the source of the guidelines evolves, and update their manuals and training accordingly.
Construction work scheduled, in the vicinity of a gas line, would normally call forthe gas to be shut off for safety, but this is impractical in the middle of winter. Sowhy not schedule the work during warmer weather?
Construction work, in vicinity of a gas line, with inadequate measures taken toprotect the gas line from mishaps.
Critical Infrastructure personnel have awesome duties, whether they work airtraffic control, operate nuclear power plants, orcontrol pipelines. They can beoverwhelmed with data and alarms. They need systems to manage the data andalarms wisely, such as color coding severity, and they need good training ininterpreting what the data is telling them. Many disasters occur for lack of thatsupport.
Industry standards exist, which if followed, can avoid disasters. But they are notalways followed.
pipeline rupture: No one was killed or injured but 204 thousandgallons of anhydrous ammonia leaked into the environment. This accident cost$680,715 including $459,415 for environmental remediation.
1973, or later, construction damaged the pipeline.
2004 events … See PHMSA in this time line summary.
2004 Oct 27 the pipeline ruptured.
Because of the scale of this disaster, I have a lot of info in my timelines about what we have learned about the circumstances.
I include time line of this particular incident, and lots of otherrelated info, in time line 2000 thru 2006;
PHMSA = US pipeline and Hazardous Materials SafetyAdministration. I include links to various PHMSA info, andsummarize what was in them.
In addition to the tenant who smelled gas, and failed to report it, all of the construction crew smelled theleak, and also a local businessman, who called 911.