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12-17668 #114

12-17668 #114

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Published by Equality Case Files
Doc 114 - Amicus brief of Coalition of African American Pastors USA, et al., in support of State of Nevada
Doc 114 - Amicus brief of Coalition of African American Pastors USA, et al., in support of State of Nevada

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Published by: Equality Case Files on Feb 03, 2014
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03/30/2014

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NO. 12-17668 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT
BEVERLY SEVCIK, et al.,
Plaintiffs-Appellants
, v. BRIAN SANDOVAL, in his official capacity as Governor of the State of Nevada, et al.
 Defendants-Appellees
, and COALITION FOR THE PROTECTION OF MARRIAGE,
 Intervenor-Defendant-Appellee
. Appeal from United States District Court for the District of Nevada D.C. Civil Case No. 2:12-cv-00578-RCJ-PAL (Honorable Robert C. Jones)
BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE THE CENTER FOR URBAN RENEWAL AND EDUCATION, THE COALITION OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN PASTORS USA, AND THE FREDERICK DOUGLASS FOUNDATION, INC., SUPPORTING THE DEFENDANTS-APPELLEES BRIAN SANDOVAL AND THE INTERVENOR-DEFENDANT-APPELLEE COALITION FOR THE PROTECTION OF MARRIAGE IN FAVOR OF AFFIRMANCE
Lynn D. Wardle, Esq. B
RUCE
C.
 
H
AFEN
P
ROFESSOR OF
L
AW
 J. Reuben Clark Law School P. O. Box 28000 Provo, Utah 84602 (801) 422-2617 (Counsel of Record) Stephen Kent Ehat, Esq. 167 North 1150 East Lindon, Utah 84042 (801) 785-9797 (Counsel of Record)
 
Case: 12-17668 01/22/2014 ID: 8946656 DktEntry: 114 Page: 1 of 43
 
FRAP R
ULE
26.1
 
C
ORPORATE
D
ISCLOSURE
S
TATEMENT
 
Amicus
The Center for Urban Renewal and Education
 (
CURE
) is a California corporation and states that it has no parent corporation, that it issues no stock, and that no publicly held corporation owns any stock of
CURE
. Amicus
The Coalition of African American Pastors USA
(
CAAP
) is not a corporation but is a grass-roots movement of thousands of African-American Christians and clergy seeking to support the institution of marriage and states that it has no parent corporation, that it issues no stock, and that no publicly held corporation owns any stock of CAAP. Amicus
The Frederick Douglass Foundation, Inc.
(
FDFI
)
 
is a Maryland corporation, issues no stock and has no parent corporation. Therefore, no publicly held corporation owns any stock of
FDFI
.
Case: 12-17668 01/22/2014 ID: 8946656 DktEntry: 114 Page: 2 of 43
 
 ii
T
ABLE
O
F
C
ONTENTS
 Page
 T
ABLE OF
A
UTHORITIES
………
 
……………………………………………… iii S
TATEMENT OF
I
NTEREST OF
A
MICI
C
URIAE
………………………………….
 
viii S
UMMARY OF
A
RGUMENT
………………………………………………….. 1 I. U
NLIKE THE
O
PPOSITE
-S
EX
D
EFINITION OF
M
ARRIAGE
,
 
R
ACIAL
R
ESTRICTIONS ON
M
ARRIAGE
I
MPLICATED THE
F
OURTEENTH
A
MENDMENT
'
S
C
ORE
C
ONCERN
W
ITH
E
LIMINATING
R
ACIAL
D
ISCRIMINATION
…………………………………………………….. 6 II. I
N
A
MERICAN
L
EGAL
H
ISTORY
,
 
R
ACIALLY
S
EGREGATED
 M
ARRIAGE
I
S
N
OT
C
OMPARABLE
T
O
S
EXUALLY
I
NTEGRATED
 M
ARRIAGE
…………………………………………………………….. 9 III. T
HE
G
ENDER
-I
NTEGRATING
D
EFINITION
O
F
M
ARRIAGE
I
S
 C
LOSELY
B
OUND
U
P
W
ITH
T
HE
I
NSTITUTION
S
C
ORE
P
URPOSE
 O
F
I
NCREASING
T
HE
L
IKELIHOOD
T
HAT
C
HILDREN
W
ILL
B
E
B
ORN
 T
O
A
ND
R
AISED
B
Y
B
OTH
T
HEIR
M
OTHER
A
ND
T
HEIR
F
ATHER
I
N
A S
TABLE
,
 
E
NDURING
F
AMILY
U
NIT
…………………………………….
 
15 IV. T
HE
D
UAL
-G
ENDER
R
EQUIREMENT
F
OR
M
ARRIAGE
S
UBSTANTIALLY
A
DVANCES
T
HE
S
TATE
S
I
NTEREST
I
N
L
INKING
R
ESPONSIBLE
P
ROCREATION
,
 
A
DVANTAGEOUS
C
HILDBIRTH
A
ND
O
PTIMAL
C
HILD
-R
EARING
..……………………………..…………………………….. 22 V. A
 
K
EY
P
URPOSE OF
 L
OVING
 
W
AS TO
L
IBERATE
M
ARRIAGE FROM
 C
APTURE BY
P
ERSONS
S
EEKING TO
R
EDEFINE
M
ARRIAGE TO
A
DVANCE
 P
OLICIES
E
XTRANEOUS TO
M
ARRIAGE
…………………………….…. 24 VI. J
UST
F
IVE
Y
EARS
A
FTER
D
ECIDING
 L
OVING
 
T
HE
C
OURT IN
 B
 AKER
 
.
 
 N 
 ELSON 
 
R
EJECTED THE
C
LAIM THAT
S
TATE
L
AW
A
LLOWING
O
NLY
 D
UAL
-G
ENDER
M
ARRIAGE
V
IOLATED
 L
OVING
;
 
 B
 AKER
 
I
S
G
OOD
L
AW
, B
INDING
P
RECEDENT AND
O
UGHT
T
O
B
E
E
NFORCED
………………… 26 VIII. C
ONCLUSION
:
 
 L
OVING
 
C
OMPELS
R
EVERSAL
…………………………… 30
Case: 12-17668 01/22/2014 ID: 8946656 DktEntry: 114 Page: 3 of 43

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