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Luke 10 1-7 Exegesis Final NTS 5110B

Luke 10 1-7 Exegesis Final NTS 5110B

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Published by John Marks Sanders
Biblical Exegesis of Luke 10:1-7. Looking in God's Word instead of programs to see what Evangelism and Missions is really about.
Biblical Exegesis of Luke 10:1-7. Looking in God's Word instead of programs to see what Evangelism and Missions is really about.

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Published by: John Marks Sanders on Oct 01, 2009
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11/27/2012

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Historical Analysis (Purpose)
When one looks at the synoptic Gospel of Luke, certain characteristics come to mindthat are specific to this Gospel. One may think of certain parables or stories that are unique toLuke such as the Lost Coin, Lost Sheep, or the Lost Son. Maybe a reader of this Gospel would be able to pick out the specific details that can be found due to his practice as a physician or  possibly his apparent concern for all people. Luke’s Gospel shows an evident and intentionallove for “those who were social outcasts—the poor, women, and those who were known assinners.
1
These particulars tend to stand out but for what purpose? To what end is the author of Luke trying to express these tendencies to his readers? There is a philosophical concept knownas
 Kalam’s Cosmological Argument 
that is used as an apologetic defense for the creation of theuniverse that could be utilized to answer these questions. In its briefest and simplest terms,Kalam’s concept states “anything that begins to exist must have a cause that brings it into being.”
2
In applying the concept to this topic suggests that the writer of Luke must have had aspecific purpose when including each detail in his work. The specifics and unique characteristics began to exist when they were recorded by Luke by inspiration of the Holy Spirit and are presentfor a function and understanding.Luke, the author of the synoptic Gospel which shares his name, was not writing a work of fiction. Rather in his prologue, he asserted that he was writing as a historian. With hisdeclaration of writing from the view of a historian, restraints were placed on him by way of the
1
Frank E. Gaebelein, ed.,
The Expositor’s Bible Commentary
, vol. 8,
Matthew, Mark, Luke
by Walter L. Liefeld (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1984) , 798
2
William Lane Craig,
 Reasonable Faith ( 
Wheaton: Crossway books, 1994), 921
 
2sources of information he could use to compose his Gospel. What Luke would have alreadyknown is that “since his readers were already familiar with these traditions, [he] was under evengreater restraint”
3
but no matter what it took, Luke was concerned to write a Gospel. Luke saw itimportant to compose a presentation of the ministry of Jesus Christ in its saving significance, butto do so in the context of a two-part work which would go on to present the story of the earlychurch, thus demonstrating how the message of the gospel spread, in accordance with prophecyand God’s command, to the ends of the earth.Luke’s Gospel speaks greatly on the “theme and theology of salvation and the frequent proclamation of the Good News [which] makes the evangelization of non-Christians”
4
central tothe purpose of Luke. Everything created was created for a purpose. Luke was written to showthe urgency and need for evangelism to the lost, especially to the needy. Luke’s purpose of evangelism is apparent in the focus of the passage selected for this paper. In Luke 10 “the Lordappointed seventy others also, and sent them two by two before His face into every city and place where He Himself was about to go”
5
with the seventy being symbolic for every nation.The Gospel of Luke was written for a purpose, the grand purpose of telling its readers to go intoall the nations proclaiming the love of Jesus Christ and proving that “the Son of man is come toseek and to save that which was lost.”
6
 
3
Robert Stein,
 Luke,
The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman Press,1992) , 35
4
(Gaebelein 1984, 800)
5
Luke 10:1 NKJV (All scripture references will be from NKJV unless noted)
6
Luke 19:10
 
3
Lexical Analysis
The word “appointed”
 
that is found in Luke 10:1 is derived from the Greek wordανεδειξεν
 
which means “to proclaim any one as elected to an office, to announce asappointed.”
7
 This word means to “show forth, display and hence make public and proclaim.”
8
The use of this word by Luke is to show that disciples must count the cost and should becommissioned or elected by Christ for His work. This act of Jesus appointing these seventydisciples in Luke 10 was done to “assign or commission”
9
or give a sense of duty or mission for them to go out to every city and place.This next concept seems to be so simple at first glance but in light of Luke 10 there is greatmeaning and significance. The phrase “two by two” comes from the Greek ανα
 
δυο
 
and simplymeans “two by two”
 or sending one person with another in pairs. This concept of pairs insending the disciples in Luke 10 out two by two served multiple functions such as providing“companionship, protection, and the [added effect of a] double witness.”
This concept of sending pairs of two was not “merely to provide mutual comfort and help, but also to giveattested, binding testimony which indicates that their task was a mission, rather than the
7
Joseph H. Thayer,
Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon Of The New Testament 
(GrandRapids: Baker Book House, 1979) , 36
8
Alfred Plummer,
The Gospel According to St. Luke,
The International CriticalCommentary (New York: Edinburgh, 1951) , 271
9
J. Reiling and J.L. Swellengrebel,
 A Translator’s Handbook on the Gospel of Luke
(London: The United Bible Societies, 1971) , 401
10
Ibid.,
11
(Gaebelein 1984, 937)

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