1 | Chapter 3
Population and Demographics
Population analyses and projections influence many planning decisions, from helping to define the type and amount of public facilities and services the County will need to determining the appropriate housing needs of future populations. Additionally, population projections and demographics may also be used to identify other potential planning problems of a local or regional nature before they occur, which can save valuable County resources. In Fauquier County, while the total number of people in the County is increasing modestly, the character of the population is undergoing significant change. Noteworthy among these changes are the overall aging and the increasing diversity of the population. The purpose of this chapter is to combine and summarize population and demographic information from a variety of sources and to provide analyses
of the County’s changing
population. Such information will provide background data and support for planning policy decisions found
throughout the County’s Comprehensive Plan.
The decennial U.S. Census and the American Community Survey, both administered by the U.S. Census Bureau, together yield the most far-reaching and detailed descriptions of population and demographic data. Other sources, including public research groups such as the University of
Virginia’s Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service and private
spatial research firms such as ESRI, provide additional resources for investigating population and demographic data. Much of the data found throughout Chapter 3 comes from one or more of these sources. The chapter includes four sections:
This section documents the historical U.S. Census population counts for Fauquier County and the surrounding region, as well as current population estimates and future projections from the
University of Virginia’s Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service.
Unless otherwise indicated, all references to Fauquier County include the Towns of Warrenton, Remington, and The Plains.