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20090311 - Climate and Energy Policy for a Sustainable Future

20090311 - Climate and Energy Policy for a Sustainable Future

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Published by thinkerCKD
A memorandum of Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications and Ministry of the Environment of Sweden.
A memorandum of Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications and Ministry of the Environment of Sweden.

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Published by: thinkerCKD on Oct 01, 2009
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10/01/2009

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 Memorandum
11 March 2009
Ministry of Enterprise, Energy andCommunicationsMinistry of the EnvironmentClimate and energy policy for a sustainable future
Today, the Swedish Government is presenting two government billswhich together constitute
 An integrated climate and energy policy
for theperiod up to 2020. This proposal represents the most ambitious climateand energy policy ever presented by a European country.The Government proposes objectives and strategies that will lead to: half of Sweden’s energy coming from renewable sources in 2020; the countryhaving a vehicle fleet that is independent of fossil fuels in 2030; andSweden’s net emissions of greenhouse gases being equal to zero by themiddle of the century. Our climate target for 2020 is to reducegreenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent.The government bills presented today for
 An integrated climate andenergy policy
are the result of a long process. As soon as thisGovernment came to power, we began making active endeavours to driveforward work at the European level to formulate ambitious climate andenergy objectives across the EU, focusing on the year 2020. The processwas completed just before the end of last year, when the EUstrengthened its leading position in the world, as regards solving theglobal climate problem, by reaching a concrete and joint agreement. TheGovernment is now continuing its international work aimed at a far-reaching global climate agreement at the UN Climate ChangeConference in Copenhagen in December 2009, where Sweden will have acentral position as President of the EU.Facing up to the climate challenge and creating sustainable energy supplyrequires cooperation both between all the countries of the world andbetween all sectors in society. The Government has therefore consultedthe whole of Swedish society in different fora to discuss the transitionwe now face. The Swedish Climate Committee, a parliamentarycommittee set up to create the right conditions for broad politicalsupport, put forward proposals for objectives and measures. Sweden’sforemost experts on climate change were appointed to the Scientific
 
 
2Council on Climate Issues, which put forward scientifically basedproposals for Swedish climate targets.In light of this, the Government submits proposals to the SwedishRiksdag on a combined climate and energy policy for the environment,competitiveness and long-term stability. A concrete strategy is beingpresented to quickly break Sweden’s dependence on fossil energy anddrastically reduce our negative impact on the climate. This not onlyplaces demands on both enterprises and citizens but also creates new opportunities and a way out of the current economic crisis - towards fairand sustainable global development.Investment in renewable energy and more efficient energy use arestrengthening Sweden’s competitiveness and putting Swedish researchand Swedish enterprises at the forefront of the global climate transition. We are laying the foundations for new innovations, new enterprises andnew jobs in green industries of the future.
A summary of the climate and energy bills
The Government’s proposals are being submitted in the form of twogovernment bills. The climate policy bill specifies targets for greenhousegas emissions and a joint action plan to achieve them. The energy policybill contains proposals relating to the energy sector.The action plans proposed for a fossil-independent transport sector andto promote renewable energy and energy efficiency improvements arecrucial to the achievement of the climate policy goals. The Governmenthas chosen to present the action plan for a fossil-independent vehiclefleet in the climate policy bill and the action plans for energy efficiencyimprovements and renewable energy in the energy policy bill.
Climate and energy targets by 2020
 The government bills specify a number of targets for climate and energypolicy to be achieved by 2020:
 
40 percent reduction in climate emissions. This target relates to thenon-trading sector (i.e. activities not included in the EU emissionstrading scheme).
 
50 percent renewable energy.
 
20 percent more efficient energy use.
 
10 percent renewable energy in the transport sector.
 
 
3
Three action plans for climate and energy conversion
The bills contain three action plans for climate and energy conversionand a summary of the measures for reducing emissions by 40 percent.
1. Action plan for renewable energy
The Government presents an action plan for renewable energy in orderto reach the target of 50 percent renewable energy. The measures includeraising the level of ambition in the electricity certificate system,continued efforts to facilitate grid connections for renewable electricityand a planning framework for wind power of 30 TWh.
2. Action plan for energy efficiency
The Government will invest SEK 300 million (ca EUR 27.3 million) peryear between 2010 and 2014. A number of measures are presented toensure Sweden reaches the proposed targets and fulfils the requirementin the EU Energy Services Directive. Efforts will focus primarily onreducing the information and knowledge gaps in order to makehouseholds and enterprises aware of the opportunities they have to savemoney, energy and the environment by improving their energyefficiency. The Government will revisit this in the 2010 Budget Bill andpropose a more detailed allocation of funding between the various partsof the energy efficiency programme.
3. Action plan for a fossil-fuel independent vehicle fleet
The target is for Sweden to have a vehicle fleet that is independent of fossil fuels by 2030. General policy instruments that put a price ongreenhouse gas emissions coupled with beneficial conditions for carswith a low environmental impact running on alternative fuels willencourage a different choice of fuel. The blend of renewable fuel inpetrol and diesel will be increased and initiatives will be taken on plug-inhybrids and electric vehicles.
Measures to reduce emissions by 40 percent
A special action plan is presented to reduce Swedish emissions by 20million tonnes by 2020. The target will be reached with a combination of measures in Sweden (2/3) and green investments in other EU MemberStates and in developing countries.

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