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Bio-Fertilizers and Its Application in Aquaculture

Bio-Fertilizers and Its Application in Aquaculture

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Published by Dr. Subhendu Datta
The importance of biofertilizers in the present scenario with reference to paddy cultivation and fish culture was presented.
The importance of biofertilizers in the present scenario with reference to paddy cultivation and fish culture was presented.

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Published by: Dr. Subhendu Datta on Oct 01, 2009
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02/28/2014

 
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BIOFERTILIZERS
Dr.Dr.SubhenduSubhenduDattaDatta
Sr. ScientistSr. ScientistCIFE, Kolkata CentreCIFE, Kolkata Centre
Background:Background: Why bio Why bio--fertilizers?fertilizers?
 With the introduction of green revolution technologies With the introduction of green revolution technologiesthe modern agriculture is getting more and morethe modern agriculture is getting more and moredependent upon the steady supply of synthetic inputsdependent upon the steady supply of synthetic inputs(mainly fertilizers) which are products of fossil fuel(mainly fertilizers) which are products of fossil fuel(coal+ petroleum).(coal+ petroleum).
Excessive dependence of modern agriculture and theExcessive dependence of modern agriculture and thesupply of these synthetic inputs and the adverse effectssupply of these synthetic inputs and the adverse effectsbeing noticed due to their excessive and imbalancedbeing noticed due to their excessive and imbalanceduse has compelled the scientific fraternity to look foruse has compelled the scientific fraternity to look foralternatives.alternatives.
 
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(i). Availability and cost of commercial fertilizers(i). Availability and cost of commercial fertilizers
Demand is much higher then the availability.Demand is much higher then the availability.
It is estimated that by 2020, to achieve the targetedIt is estimated that by 2020, to achieve the targetedproduction of 321 million tones of food grain, theproduction of 321 million tones of food grain, therequirement of nutrient will be 28.8 million tones, whilerequirement of nutrient will be 28.8 million tones, whiletheir availability will be only 21.6 million tones being atheir availability will be only 21.6 million tones being adeficit of about 7.2 million tones.deficit of about 7.2 million tones.
Increasing costs are getting unaffordable by small andIncreasing costs are getting unaffordable by small andmarginal farmers.marginal farmers.
(ii) Effect of Chemical fertilizers in soil and(ii) Effect of Chemical fertilizers in soil andenvironmentenvironment
Excessive and imbalanced use of chemical fertilizers hasadversely affected the soil causing decrease in organiccarbon, reduction in microbial flora and fauna of soil,increasing acidity and alkalinity and hardening of soil.
Moreover, excessive use of nitrogenous and phosphaticfertilizers are contaminating water bodies (eutrophication)thus affecting fish fauna and causing health hazards forhuman beings and animals.
Production of chemical fertilizers adds to the pollution.
 
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 To overcome the deficit in nutrient supply and to To overcome the deficit in nutrient supply and toovercome the adverse effects of chemical cultivation, itovercome the adverse effects of chemical cultivation, itis suggested that efforts should be made to exploit allis suggested that efforts should be made to exploit allthe available resources of nutrients under the theme of the available resources of nutrients under the theme of integrated nutrient management.integrated nutrient management.
Under this approach the best available option lies in theUnder this approach the best available option lies in thecomplimentary use of complimentary use of BiofertilizersBiofertilizers, organic manures in, organic manures insuitable combination of chemical fertilizers.suitable combination of chemical fertilizers.
 What are bio What are bio--fertilizersfertilizers
“Biofertilizeris a substance which contains living microorganisms which, when applied to seed, plantsurfaces, or soil, colonizes the rhizosphereor the interiorof the plant and promotes growth by increasing the supply or availability of primary nutrients to the host Plant
 Vessey, J.K. (2003). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteriaasbiofertilizers.
Plant Soil 
255:
571-586]
.
 This definition separates biofertilizerfrom organicmanure.
 The latter contains organic compounds which directly, orby their decay, increase soil fertility.

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Keshab Kumar Mohapatra added this note
very usefull ppt
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It is nice but why you are not interested to share this to others?
Ravi Kumar added this note
very useful ppt..................helped a lot to get an idea as well knowledge regarding Biofertilizer concept
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