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Q&A: Basic Ratification Guidelines for the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Q&A: Basic Ratification Guidelines for the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

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Persons with disabilities are among the most invisible people in societies. Their exclusion has also been perpetuated because none of the anti-discrimination provisions in UN core human rights treaties acknowledge disability and impairment respectively as a ground of discrimination. What is more, the stigma of disability tends to frame persons with disabilities as objects in need of pity, frequently leading to patronizing behavior by others, failing to acknowledge that persons with disabilities are (human) rights holders, too.
Persons with disabilities are among the most invisible people in societies. Their exclusion has also been perpetuated because none of the anti-discrimination provisions in UN core human rights treaties acknowledge disability and impairment respectively as a ground of discrimination. What is more, the stigma of disability tends to frame persons with disabilities as objects in need of pity, frequently leading to patronizing behavior by others, failing to acknowledge that persons with disabilities are (human) rights holders, too.

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Published by: UNDP in Europe and Central Asia on Feb 05, 2014
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05/12/2014

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Questions&Answers
Basic Ratification Guidelines for the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
 
    Q    U    E    S    T    I    O    N    S    A    N    D    A    N    S    W    E    R    S
    |     B    A    S    I    C    R    A    T    I    F    I    C    A    T    I    O    N    G    U    I    D    E    L    I    N    E    S    F    O    R    T    H    E    C    O    N    V    E    N    T    I    O    N    O    N    T    H    E    R    I    G    H    T    S    O    F    P    E    R    S    O    N    S    W    I    T    H    D    I    S    A    B    I    L    I    T    I    E    S
Persons with disabilities are among the most invisible people in societies. Theirexclusion has also been perpetuated because none of the anti-discriminationprovisions in UN core human rights treaties acknowledge disability and impair-ment respectively as a ground of discrimination. What is more, the stigma of dis-ability tends to frame persons with disabilities as objects in need of pity,frequently leading to patronizing behavior by others, failing to acknowledgethat persons with disabilities are (human) rights holders, too.
Why a Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities?
 
I. The Convention in Brief
Rather than viewing persons with disabilities as objects” in need of “help” by wayof charity and other welfare-based approaches, the Convention unequivocallyaffirms that persons with disabilities are rights holders and that human rightsneed to be inclusive and accessible to ensure the full enjoyment of all humanrights by all persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others.
I
What is the new paradigm on disability?
 
    Q    U    E    S    T    I    O    N    S    A    N    D    A    N    S    W    E    R    S
    |     B    A    S    I    C    R    A    T    I    F    I    C    A    T    I    O    N    G    U    I    D    E    L    I    N    E    S    F    O    R    T    H    E    C    O    N    V    E    N    T    I    O    N    O    N    T    H    E    R    I    G    H    T    S    O    F    P    E    R    S    O    N    S    W    I    T    H    D    I    S    A    B    I    L    I    T    I    E    S
 The Convention does not provide a definition of impairment or disability re-spectively. Rather, it gives an open description, which leaves room for expan-sion. Note that the focus is not on the medical aspects of the impairment butrather on the social barriers faced by persons with disabilities:
Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intel-lectual or sensory impairments, which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation on an equal basis with others. Disability is anevolving concept that results from the interaction between persons with impairmentsand attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinders their full and effective par-ticipation in society on an equal basis with others.
II 
Who is protected by the Convention?
 The Convention does not prescribe any new rights. However, aimed at ensuringthat barriers are overcome, it features a couple of additions in comparison toother core human rights treaties: There is no definition of disabilitiesbut rather an emphasis on the social barriers that persons with disabilities face “social model of disability” Accessibility: the Convention enshrines the various dimensions of accessibility (see below)Obligation to include civil society, particularlyDisabled People’s OrganizationsA stand-alone provision on data & statisticsA stand-alone provision on international cooperationNational implementation monitoring – with civil society participationA comprehensive provision on awareness-raising measures
What are the added features of the Convention?
 
I. The Convention in Brief

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