Q U E S T I O N S A N D A N S W E R S
| B A S I C R A T I F I C A T I O N G U I D E L I N E S F O R T H E C O N V E N T I O N O N T H E R I G H T S O F P E R S O N S W I T H D I S A B I L I T I E S
The Convention does not provide a deﬁnition of impairment or disability re-spectively. Rather, it gives an open description, which leaves room for expan-sion. Note that the focus is not on the medical aspects of the impairment butrather on the social barriers faced by persons with disabilities:
Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intel-lectual or sensory impairments, which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and eﬀective participation on an equal basis with others. Disability is anevolving concept that results from the interaction between persons with impairmentsand attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinders their full and eﬀective par-ticipation in society on an equal basis with others.
Who is protected by the Convention?
The Convention does not prescribe any new rights. However, aimed at ensuringthat barriers are overcome, it features a couple of additions in comparison toother core human rights treaties: There is no deﬁnition of “disabilities” but rather an emphasis on the social barriers that persons with disabilities face – “social model of disability” Accessibility: the Convention enshrines the various dimensions of accessibility (see below)Obligation to include civil society, particularlyDisabled People’s OrganizationsA stand-alone provision on data & statisticsA stand-alone provision on international cooperationNational implementation monitoring – with civil society participationA comprehensive provision on awareness-raising measures
What are the added features of the Convention?
I. The Convention in Brief