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Assingment on MUET: Bullying

Assingment on MUET: Bullying

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Published by missnuha
All about MUET assignment that should be sent on 30 October 2009, I hope that this information could help you, besides if you have something to ask me, you can leave your comment on my page or just send e-mail to me. hawazainal_91@yahoo.com.

If you want to share your document about MUET, definitely I will accept it!
All about MUET assignment that should be sent on 30 October 2009, I hope that this information could help you, besides if you have something to ask me, you can leave your comment on my page or just send e-mail to me. hawazainal_91@yahoo.com.

If you want to share your document about MUET, definitely I will accept it!

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Published by: missnuha on Oct 01, 2009
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10/21/2012

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Bullying is not just a normal, if unpleasant, part of growing up, according toFederal researchers. Rather, children who bully other children appear to be atrisk for engaging in more serious violent behaviors, such as frequent fighting andcarrying a weapon. Moreover, victims of bullying also are at risk for engaging inthese kinds of violent behaviors.“It appears that bullying is not an isolated behavior, but a sign that childrenmay be involved in more violent behaviors,” said Duane Alexander, M.D., Directorof the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). “Theimplication is that children who bully other children may benefit from programsseeking to prevent not just bullying, but other violent behaviors as well.” Theresearchers conducted a nationally representative survey of bullying in U.S.schools. Their findings appear in the April Archives of Pediatrics and AdolescentMedicine. The research team included members from the National Institute of ChildHealth and Human Development (NICHD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH),and from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). Both NIH andHRSA are part of the Department of Health and Human Services.An objective of the research was to determine if bullying is related to otherforms of violence-related behavior, said the study’s first author, Tonja R.Nansel, Ph.D., of NICHD’s Division of Epidemiolgy, Statistics, and PreventionResearch. The study authors analyzed information from an NICHD-funded survey of15,686 students in grades 6 through 10 in public and private schools throughoutthe United States. The survey included questions about whether students hadbullied others, had been bullied themselves, had carried a weapon, foughtfrequently, or had been injured in a fight. Before questions about bullying wereasked, the survey provided a definition of bullying to the students. “We say astudent is BEING BULLIED when another student, or group of students, say or donasty and unpleasant things to him or her. It is also bullying when a student isteased repeatedly in a way he or she doesn’t like.”The researchers found that boys across all age groups were more likely to beinvolved in bullying and violent behaviors than were girls. Both children whobullied and their victims were more likely than youth who had never been involvedin bullying to engage in violent behaviors themselves. However, the associationbetween bullying and other forms of violence was greatest for those who bulliedothers. For example, among boys who said they had bullied others at least once aweek in school, 52.2 percent had carried a weapon in the past month, 43.1 percentcarried a weapon in school, 38.7 percent were involved in frequent fighting, and45.7 percent reported having been injured in a fight. By comparison, of the boyswho said they had been bullied in school every week, 36.4 percent had carried aweapon, 28.7 percent carried a weapon in school, 22.6 percent said they wereinvolved in frequent fighting, and about 31.8 percent said they had been injuredin a fight.Of the boys who had never bullied others in school, 13.4 percent carried a weaponin the past month, 7.9 percent carried a weapon in school, 8.3 percent wereinvolved in frequent fighting, and 16.2 percent had been injured in a fight. Amongthe boys who had never been bullied in school, 18.7 percent carried a weapon inthe last month, 12.2 percent carried a weapon in school, 12.4 percent wereinvolved in frequent fighting, and 18.3 percent were injured in a fight.Boys who bullied others when they were away from school were at the greatest riskfor engaging in violence-related behaviors. Among the boys who had bullied othersonce a week while away from school, 70.2 percent had carried a weapon, 58.1percent reported carrying a weapon in school, 44.8 percent said they foughtfrequently, and 56.1 percent had been injured in a fight. Among the boys who hadnever bullied others away from school, 14.3 percent had carried a weapon in the
 
past month, 8.4 percent had carried a weapon in school, 8.8 percent were involvedin frequent fighting, and 16.6 percent had been injured in a fight. Of the boyswho had never been bullied away from school, 16.9 percent had carried a weapon inthe past month, 10.6 percent carried a weapon in school, 11.2 percent wereinvolved in frequent fighting, and 17.9 percent had been injured in a fight. Theresearchers wrote that bullying occurring away from school grounds may be moresevere than bullying at school, where there is adult supervision and moreprotection against violence.“Findings from this study suggest that programs designed to reduce violentbehaviors should address less severe forms of aggressive behavior, particularlybullying,” the study authors wrote. “Bullying, as a behavior that is inflictedwith the desire to harm another, seems to be an important marker for violence-related behaviors.” The authors believe their study is the first to examine howbullying relates to other forms of violence. Previous studies, Dr. Nanselexplained, have included youth from a small geographic area and looked only at howbullying relates to a single violence-related behavior. In 2001, Dr. Nansel andcolleagues at NICHD and HRSA conducted a survey that determined the extent ofbullying in U.S. Schools. A release describing this earlier study has been posted.Dr. Nansel said earlier studies have concluded that the effects of bullyingbehavior carry into adulthood. People who were bullied as children are more likelyto suffer from depression and low self esteem as adults, and the people whobullied others when they were children are more likely to engage in criminalbehavior later in life.“In this study, a strong and consistent relationship between bullying and violentbehaviors was observed,” the authors wrote. “This suggests that bullying is likelyto occur concurrently with more serious aggressive behavior, and while prevalent,should not be considered a normative aspect of youth development.”1. ‘study’ in paragraph 7, line 4 refer toA the researchB BullyC behaviorsD the study authors 2. The research team that represents survey of bullying in U.S. schools istheNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)and the Health Resources and Services Administration(HRSA).A TrueB FalseC Not stated3. The purpose of the research is toA determined the extent of bullying in U.S. Schools the National Institute ofChild Health and Human Development (NICHD) of the National Institutesof Health (NIH)B decreases the number of bulling in school with the help of the NationalInstitute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) of theNational Institutes of Health (NIH)C determine if bullying is related to other forms of violence-related behavior

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