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BA THS / BU Transmission Systems and Substations
LEC Support Programme
Protection Application Handbook
Welcome to the Protection Application Handbook in the series of booklets within the LEC support programme of BA THS BU Transmission Systems and Substations. We hope you will ﬁnd it useful in your work. Please note that this is an advance copy that was used by ABB Substations in Sweden. The handbook will be modiﬁed to better suit into the engineering documen-tation planned to be issued in cooperation with the Global process owner Engineering.The booklet covers most aspects of protection application based upon extensive experience of our protection specialists like:- Selection of protection relays for different types of objects.- Dimensioning of current and voltage transformers matching protection relays requirements.- Design of protection panels including DC and AC supervision, terminal numbering etc.- Setting of protection relays to achieve selectivity.- Principles for sub-division of the protection system for higher voltages.The booklet gives a basic introduction to application of protection relays and the intent is not to fully cover all aspects. However the basic philosophy and an introduction to the application problems, when designing the protec-tion system for different types of objects, is covered.The intention is to have the application as hardware independent as possi-ble and not involve the different relay types in the handbook as the protec-tion relays will change but the application problems are still the same.The different sections are as free standing sections as possible to simplify the reading of individual sections. Some sections are written specially for this handbook some are from old informations, lectures etc. to bigger or smaller extent.