prophecies which, according to the Bible, would classify him as a false prophet rather than a trueprophet of God. For instance, in 1835 Smith claimed that the Lord would again come in just 56 years. We wouldgather from this "prophecy" that Jesus Christ would again come to earth on or before 1891; nodoubt Joseph Smith was incorrect (History of the church 2:182). In 1832 Joseph Smith claimedhe had a revelation concerning the building of a temple in Independence, Missouri. According tosection 84, verses 4 and 5, of the Doctrine and Covenants, he stated this "temple shall be rearedin this generation. For verily this generation shall not pass away until an house shall be built untothe Lord, and a cloud shall rest upon it..." to this day the spot consecrated by Smith fails to be thesight of a great temple, but instead is covered with a well-kept lawn. In fact, the Mormon churchdoes not even own the land.
Mormon is a term used to describe the adherents, practitioners, followers or constituents of Mormonism. The term most often refers to a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-daySaints (LDS Church), which is commonly called the Mormon Church. The LDS Church believesthat "Mormon" should properly be applied only to its members. However, the term is often usedmore broadly to describe any individual or group that believes in the Book of Mormon, which wasoriginally published in 1830 by Joseph Smith, Jr. as The Book of Mormon: An Account Written bythe Hand of Mormon upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi. According to the Book of Mormon, Mormon is the name of the prophet who compiled the book of scripture known as theBook of Mormon.
From the Catholic Encyclopedia
Mormonstt=94(Also called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.)This religious body had its origin during the early part of the nineteenth century.Joseph Smith, the founder and first president of the sect, was the son of a Vermont farmer, andwas born in Sharon township, Windsor County, in that state, on 23 December, 1805. In the springof 1820, while living with his parents at Manchester, Ontario (now Wayne) County, New York, hebecame deeply concerned upon the subject of his salvation, a condition partly induced by areligious revival which proselytized a few of his relatives to the Presbyterian Faith. Joseph himself was inclined toward Methodism; to satisfy his mind as to which one of the existing sects heshould join, he sought Divine guidance, and claimed to have received in answer to prayer avisitation from two glorious beings, who told him not to connect himself to any of these Churches,but to bide the coming of Church of Christ, which was about to be re-established.According to his own statement, there appeared to him on the night of 21 September, 1823, aheavenly messenger, who gave his name as Moroni, and revealed the existence of an ancientrecord containing the fullness of the Gospel of Christ as taught by the Saviour after hisResurrection to the Nephites, a branch of the House of Israel which inhabited the Americancontinent ages prior to its discovery by Columbus. Moroni in mortal life had been a Nephiteprophet, the son of another prophet named Mormon, who was the compiler of the record buried ina hill situated about two miles from the modern village of Manchester.Joseph Smith states that he received the record from the angel Moroni in September, 1827. Itwas, he alleges, engraved upon metallic plates having the appearance of gold and each a littlethinner than ordinary tin, the whole forming a book about six inches long, six inches wide, and sixinches thick, bound together by rings. The characters engraved upon the plates were in alanguage styled theReformed Egyptian, and with the book were interpreters -- Urim andThummim -- by means of which these characters were to be translated into English. The resultwas the "Book of Mormon", published at Palmyra, New York in March, 1830; in the preface