In 1991 China purchased an initial batch of 24
SU-27sfor about $1 billion which were delivered in late 1992 and based atWuhu Air Base, 250 kilometers west of Shanghai. In May 1995 Chinapurchased a second batch of 24 SU-27 aircraft through Russia's mainstate-run arms exporting company Rosvooruzheniye. These weredelivered in April 1996 and based at Suixi Air Base in SouthernChina. The 48 Su-27-type aircraft include 36 one-seat Su-27SKmanufactured in Komsomolsk-on-Amur and 12 two-seat Su-27UBmanufactured in Irkutsk, worth a total of 1.7 billion dollars.In February 1996 Moscow and Beijing reached a $2.2 billionagreement for Chinese co-production of the Sukhoi Su-27. Under theinitial agreement China would produce up to 200 aircraft [without theright to reexport the jets to third countries] from Russian-madecomponents over three to five years. The total cost of the contract is$1.5 billion, including $650 million for technical documents and $850million for parts, instruments and equipment provided byKomsomolsk-on-Amur Aviation Enterprise
Yuriy Gagarin[KnAAPO], which is to deliver around 30 percent of all completingparts for 200 Chinese SU-27SK jets. Russia has licensedcoproduction of Su-27s to the Shenyang Aircraft Company, which canproduce fifteen to twenty per year. In the period 1998-2000 Shenyangplanned to assemble only 15 Su- 27SK fighters of the 200 permittedunder the terms of the contract. The first two aircraft built atShenyang flew at the end of 1998. By 2004, China had only receivedcomponents kits for 95 aircraft, as a contract covering the additional105 kits was still pending.At the end of 1999 it was anticipated that the Irkutsk aviationindustrial association will deliver to China a total of 28 training andcombatant Su-27UB fighters. The delivery would be implemented torepay the state debt, and 8 planes would be delivered to China withinthe year 2000, 10 planes in the year 2001 and 10 planes in the year 2002.