3Ms. Redden utilized the dispatch telephone located in the lobby of the police departmentto request police service. Ms. Redden waited for about 7 minutes, before Office Wilmerarrived on the scene. When Officer Wilmer arrived, he and Ms. Redden engaged indiscussion about her wanting to turn her child over to police custody. Ms. Redden refusedto provide her name, the child’s name, the child’s date of birth and/or the name of thechild’s biological father. Furthermore, Ms. Redden explained to Officer Wilmer that if hedid not take custody of the child that she did not know what she would do.Officer Wilmer continued to try to get identification information from Ms. Redden.However, she refused to provide any information about herself and/or the child andbecame very agitated and upset. At one point during Ms. Redden’s discussions withOfficer Wilmer, she tells him that she is going to do something if someone does not takeher child, and she began to attempt to leave the police department with the child.Officer Wilmer had a split second to make a decision and felt he had an obligation to actand/or investigate the matter further, because of the statements Ms. Redden made to himabout doing something if someone did not take possession of her child. Officer Wilmerstates he feared for the safety of the child and needed more information from Ms. Reddenin order to determine what course of action to take with the child. As a result of Ms.Redden’s refusal to cooperate with Officer Wilmer and provide identification on herself and the child, as well as for the safety of the child, Officer Wilmer verbally advised Ms.Redden that she was under arrest.At the point that Officer Wilmer verbally communicated to Valreca Redden that she wasunder arrest, Ms. Redden had an obligation to obey all lawful orders from this point,because she was physically in-custody and was not free to go. Therefore, when ValrecaRedden tried to break free from Officer Wilmer’s grasp and continued to attempt to getaway, a reasonable officer could well have chosen to use escalated non-lethal force. Theonly non-lethal choices known at this time not involving a firearm are: (1) physicallysubduing Ms. Redden by engaging her (ex. striking with fists-grappling); (2) striking herwith weapons such as a asp; (3) using a chemical agent such as pepper spray or: (4) applyan electric device such as a Taser device.In a news interview on November 19, 2007, with Fox News Channel 22, Valreca Reddeneven states,
“ I just remember trying to go this way”.
Therefore, she admits to resistingarrest and disobeying Officer Wilmer’s lawful commands at the point he told her she wasunder arrest. For more information about Valreca Redden’s statements to the press,please refer to the enclosed copy of the interview with Fox News Channel 22.Furthermore, the surveillance video from the police department’s lobby captures ValrecaRedden attempting to flee the scene after Officer Wilmer informs her that she was underarrest.
Departmental policy authorizes as correct and reasonable to utilize the Taser device onan individual that resist arrest and/or pulls away from an Officer and/or refuses to move-dead weight. See level two of the
Use of Force Continuum
Trotwood Police General Orders-Effective January 1, 2006