A PRODUCT OF CAPITOL RESEARCHFOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT WWW.CSG.ORG/BOOKOFTHESTATES
THE COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS |
Source: Barnett, W.S., Carolan, M.E., Fitzgerald, J., & Squires, J.H. “The State of Preschool 2012: State Preschool Yearbook,”National Institute for Early Education Research, 2013.
THE BOOK OF THE STATES 2014
Facts & Figures
STATE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT
National Analysis »
The Great Recession had an unprecedented effect on state and local government employment: From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs. Since July 2013, however, state government employment job losses have leveled off, and 35,000 jobs were added between July and November 2013.
The importance of government employment to the local labor market varies by state.
In November 2013, federal, state and local governments employed 21.8 million employees, which make up 16 percent of total, non-farm employment.
The share of total employment that government employees make up has remained fairly stable over the past 50 years, ranging from a low of 15.7 percent in 1999 to a high of 19.4 percent in 1975.
The majority of government employees—64 percent—work for local government, while state employees make up 23 percent and federal employees make up 12 percent.
In November 2013, state governments employed about 5.1 million people. Rhode Island had the fewest state government employ-ees—16,218, while California had the most—479,254.
State government employees made up 3.7 percent of total, nonfarm employment in 2013, but that percentage varies across states, from 2.5 percent in Illinois and 2.7 percent in Florida to 11.8 percent in Hawaii and 7.8 percent in Alaska.
On a per capita basis
, there were 1.7 state government employees for every 100 residents nationally in 2013, but that rate ranged from 1.1 employees for every 100 residents in Florida and Illinois to 5.1 in Hawaii and 3.5 in Alaska.
The Great Recession had a negative impact on state government em-ployment; for more than three years, state government employment contracted. Employment levels are now beginning to recover.
State government employment reached a peak level in the middle of the Great Recession, hitting just above 5.2 million employees in Au-gust 2008. From a peak level of employment in 2008 to its lowest point in July 2013, state governments lost more than 150,000 jobs.